3 Tips for Better Anatomy Shading – Forearm Critiques

3 Tips for Better Anatomy Shading – Forearm Critiques


Hey guys, welcome to Proko. This is a critique episode. I’ll be destroying your forearm assignments. Anybody that submitted in the Facebook group
will probably be getting a critique today. So, the assignment was to do quick sketch
drawings of the photos that I provided you guys. I reminded you to start with the basic forms. So, the drumstick on the forearm and the block
for the wrist, the major form of the ridge muscles wrapping around that drumstick. And then after you got the major forms, split
up those forms into the individual muscles, if you could see them or if you think that
they’re important for that pose. So, let’s see how you guys did. So, there’s a few common mistakes I’m gonna
cover today. There’s problems with basic structure. There was shading without understanding the
anatomy that you’re shading. I’m gonna fix a bunch of anatomical errors. So things about, you know, muscles not going
into their places, things are not tracking correctly or too many muscles or muscles that
should be split up into other muscles or different… wrong shapes or whatever. Anatomical errors, these things that are obviously
wrong. There’s gesture problems. And then, at the end, I’ll give a few shading
tips because some of you guys started trying to shade, but you’re going in the wrong direction. So, I’ll try to give you some tips on shadings
so that you could start heading towards the right direction and get a better 3D effect
to your drawings. So, all of that is available in the premium video. If your watching the free video on Youtube, you can go there, get all that premium content. Or you can watch this free video, and you’ll still get some useful advice. So this first one is Wael, and I feel like
your shading is too soft. You have to commit to your shapes. Just like what I was just talking about, you
know, designing the contour shapes and the forms, designing the actual outlines of the
muscles, the same way, you have to design the shadow shapes. Even though a shadow shape isn’t necessarily
you know, a form that is actually wrapping around or twisting. It’s one plane of the form. But still, that shape needs to be designed. It has to be clear. I feel like none of your shadow shapes have
a clear shape to them. They’re very blurry. It’s like you feel like maybe you’re not sure
exactly where to put the shadow shapes. So you are very vague with them, but that
doesn’t really make your drawing look better. It’d be better if you just focus on outlines,
like boxes and cylinders and stuff, and it could look more three-dimensional with just
lines than what you did with tone. A great example of that is, early on, we saw
Domantas’ drawings. Very three-dimensional, no shadows. So, you could do a lot with just focusing
on lines, if you’re not comfortable shading yet. But since you are starting to shade, you might
as well commit. Even if you know, if it’s wrong, if it’s not
the right shape, as long as you commit and as long as you make it look intentional, it’ll
probably look better than a blurry shadow shape, you know. So, for example, right in here, this shadow
shape, I’m not really sure where it is. You should probably figure out, where is the
plane change? Right here, right here. There’s probably a bottom plane in here of
this bicep, you know. And then, is this all shadow or are some of
these actually getting some light on them? I don’t know, it’s very vague. Some of them, you have a shadow shape. Like I can tell that this is where the shadow
ends, but then, even there, I wish there was a clear core shadow and then a cast shadow
coming off of that deltoid, connecting to another clear core shadow on the triceps. And then shade it in with clean tone, all
the way through. Contain your shapes. That’s gonna be the word here, is containing
your shapes. So instead of a blurry shape like this and
you’re kinda throwing in some tone with the side of the pencil, instead, you’re gonna
figure out the shape. Okay, here it is, it’s something like that. That’s the shape I draw. And this is just random shape. I’m not drawing anything specific. I’m just showing you, this is a blurry shape
where I’m kinda unsure, and this is a shape where I really try to design something nice. And then, fill it in. The second element to that is the edge of
the shape. In your case, all of your edges are soft. What you have to do is figure out what is
the actual edge. Is it sharp, is it soft or is it in between? So, in general, core shadows are gonna be
soft, if it’s a very round form like a thigh or a peck, could have a round form. Cast shadows are gonna be sharp, almost always,
unless the object casting is really far away. And then bony areas, even if it’s a core shadow
of a bony area, that’s gonna be sharp or firm. So look for the edges. Is it a blurry edge, is it a firm or one in
the middle or is it a very sharp edge with a crisp line? Make those decisions and then decide exactly
what the shape is and indicate it like that. No more vagueness. Commit to your shading. So, let’s take a look at Felix. Felix, I feel like you’re heading in the right
direction. You’re committing to some shapes. Like I could see that’s a very clear shape. That’s a very clear shape in here, very clear
shape. But then, you’re missing a few elements, like
the core shadow in here is a little messy. What I would have liked to see is a softer
edge for this halftone coming out. Well, you still have a sharp core shadow,
but then the halftone is soft. And instead, what you have is a lot of crosshatching,
which is very large. Your crosshatching is large and it’s kinda
random. It’s not indicating the tones and the edges
correctly. Crosshatching is still supposed to indicate
the right shape and the right edge. You’re just doing it in a more linear way,
right? So, if I have a core shadow and I indicate
that core shadow with a few lines like this, and I know that this isn’t a box, it’s not
a sharp edge from one plane to the next, I’m gonna have to show crosshatching going over
the form like this. And then maybe a few going this way to soften
that even more. So now, when you squint, you could see an
edge in there. You could see that it softens from black on
this side to white on this side. And my crosshatching is wrapping around the
form and it’s tapering into from dark into the light. A lot of your cross-hatching doesn’t show
the forms very well and a lot of it is too dark. So, on this side, this hand…so, let’s compare
yours to mine. You have crosshatching in this area, and it’s
very dark, it’s very similar to the shadow. I have a little bit of crosshatching in there
as well and it’s going in the same direction as yours. So we both decided that the form is wrapping
around in the same way, but mine, the lines aren’t distracting from the form. You could see that bubble. On yours, it just looks like a bunch of lines. Because I have values. Each line has a value to it. It’s either light, medium, dark, whatever
the tone is. So. And I also have planes. This is a halftone plane. This area in here is a highlight. This area is a darker halftone plane. And then this area is a transition from core
shadow to halftone. And then I have, overall, much more contrast
between shadow and light. Your shadows, and your light, and your halftones,
they look like almost the same values. So there’s no contrast. So, just making your crosshatching go in the
right direction is not enough. You still have to think about the planes that
your crosshatching lines are indicating, what value is it supposed to look like when you
squint at the crosshatching. When you squint at your crosshatching, the
lines disappear and it becomes tone. And when you squint, it should look like the
right planes and tone. So, do that a lot when you’re crosshatching,
squint. And if it feels like the right form, then
you did a good job. If it feels like everything just mushes together
into mashed potatoes, you didn’t do a good job. So, that’s what I feel with yours is that
the crosshatching is just getting messy and dark, and you’re not thinking about all the
planes. Except this one. This drawing you did, I am starting to see
some nice subtle crosshatching that’s showing good plane changes. Right in here, very good work. It feels like you really thought about the
plane changes and you indicated it with crosshatching lines. And they’re subtle. They’re not distracting, like you have…you
know, it’s not like giant, thick lines growing across the forearm. It’s subtle lines wrapping around and then
get a little bit lighter as they go into the highlight area. And then you get an area of highlight and
then some picking up again, and then some dark. And there you have a form, right? This is wrapping around a curve form, for
example. So, it’s a subtle crosshatching, not something
like this where the lines look like tattoos or something. Okay, we’re done. Thank you guys for submitting all your assignments. I know it’s hard to show to the world and
be criticized in front of everybody but that’s how you learn. Thank you for submitting it. The premium video has all the critiques I did. I’m having a baby boy soon, in a few weeks,
actually. So, I’ll be gone for a few months, probably. Don’t miss me too much. The leg course will begin. It’ll happen. It’s just that I need a little bit of time
to figure out this whole fatherhood thing. But I’ll see you soon. It’s not gonna be too long. Before you know it, and before I know it,
he’s gonna be 18 and out of the house, so. So, anyway, thank you guys for watching. Hope you enjoyed the critique. I’ll see you in hands. Hey, you made it. If you’re really loving it and want a free
model sample pack, subscribe to our newsletter at proko.com/subscribe. You’re gonna love the videos in the premium section. You’ll get more drawing demos, extended lessons, printable e-books, and 3D models you can spin around, study, and draw from any angle. If you don’t want your drawings to look like this, go to proko.com/anatomy.

89 Replies to “3 Tips for Better Anatomy Shading – Forearm Critiques”

  1. Hi dad!!! Congratulations!!!
    I was looking Leonardo's drawings and I noticed that he often performs hatchings at the same angle, regardless of the shape. And they look great. So, following the form seems to be less important than achieving the correct values to suggest the volume. I have seen the same in some Moebius ink drawings: straight lines in the same angle to create tonalities.

  2. Congratulations on the baby!!!
    I promise I won't miss you too much, as long as you promise to be the greatest father possible. <3

  3. Critique is treasure…Any Artist be it with Pen, Brush, Charcoal, Bass, Guitar, etc…especially those of us who present before the public, need to "Dine," on this as much as you can…Good food.

  4. Congrats on becoming a New Daddy soon. Hopefully we will see you again in a year or sometime down the track; as fatherhood is rewarding but also a lot of hard work. Loved the critique, a lot of good advise. Thank you everyone who showed their work. It must have felt like you were all getting ridiculed at first. I loved all the work I saw. But it does help to all learn our faults so we can learn and grow. I think we all learnt a lot from these 12 minutes. Thanks heaps again everyone.

  5. Hey, Stan… Congratulations on being a father. Take all the time you need to take care of your baby boy and his mom too.
    I didn't say this in the email I sent you (gah, had to focus on bad jokes for some reason… sleep deprivation most probably), but I'm really happy for you.

  6. Congratulations! Just a tip. it takes the whole 18 years to :figure out "this whole fatherhood thing." Just so you know, a few months…well, just the very beginning. Also be prepared for a lot of interrupted sleep. So, it's like learning the hardest thing you ever learned while being kept up all night. Sorta like a cult, only with diapers.
    I love the way you critique. Clear, to the point, no "good job class" rubbish. But still not cruel or mean. I love your whole demeanor. Thanks for all you do.
    MKRyan

  7. Congratulations for your firstborn Proko!
    You will do fine, man. You do look concerned about it and you´re taking a time out for it, so that means you care about the little one; caring and being there IMO are the most important things a father can do.
    Pluss, you're a good teacher and a full pack of fun. That kid is in good hands!
    Congratulations again, man! All my best wishes for you and your family in this new stage!

  8. Congratulations on becoming a father! :)) I'm just getting back into drawing after 7 months save for a few sketches once I had my baby boy. Enjoy the time with your baby, the first few months go by too fast!

  9. Thank you so much for your instruction. Your videos are the easiest for me to follow and understand and I use them in conjunction with the art class I take at my local community college. As for your baby, CONGRATULATIONS! It is the best thing in life. My advice is simple, sleep when the baby sleeps. I reared 4; a Physicist, a Computer Math genius, a psychologist (in training) and a pre-med cardiologist. If you continue to think like you do in explaining your art, but twist it for the structure of a child, you will do just great in parenting. Think first, know your subject and make your decision based on that. Congrats! (PS, your tutorials on hands got me my first A on my homework…thanks!)

  10. thx for feedback helped me a lot,
    your video has my drawing study 2:02 wael > im having problem understanding how to follow the core shadow over the form i can see the form but sometimes i get lost with the core shadow especially when the core shadow connects between several forms due plane changing or the extremity of the core shadow over one form isn't drawn continuously with gaps between , i know the concept of shading over the sphere , cone, cylinder where the core shadow is straight line or rounded on sphere and can be predicted but when it comes to complex form i get lost ,, any ideas how to overcome this issue,
    the only book i read about shading is Basic Rendering by ROBERT W. GILL

  11. CONGRATS! Had my first child last year, she just turned one. My advice is sleep when he sleeps and take turns obviously changing and feeding if he is bottle fed. Sleepless nights are coming for the night is dark and full of crying.

  12. Im so happy someone used the music from one of my favourite weird niche balkan bands, so here – intro music is Hitman's Lovesong by Freak Fandango Orchestra. Heard that intro and instantly happy

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