Comment muscler et libérer votre cerveau ? – Idriss ABERKANE

Comment muscler et libérer votre cerveau ? – Idriss ABERKANE

[Music] I am very happy to be back in Vendée This is where I started in a way I was expecting myself to tear up a bit I look like someone from Vendée on top of that it’s obvious in fact I was born in Pithiviers which is in Vendée as you know and in fact my mother wasn’t expecting to give me such a gift because with a face like mine when I cross the American border every time with all the stamps on my passport the man at the border directly thinks he is Inspector Columbo so he’s going to try something “where were you born?” “Pithiviers” “doesn’t say that on your passport it says Pithiviers” this is when you know you’ll spend 6 hours there on top of that last time it was during Trump’s election they were all so tense thank you for this awesome welcome for this full house at this conference that we’re going to start without any ado as an introduction the president Wilson the one from the United States not the one from the basketball he said that if you laughed at this one everything is going to be alright he said if you want if you want to make a lot but really a lot of enemies you just need to make something new and there’s a joke about that it’s the joke of the guy who wants to buy snails for dinner so he goes to the snails vendor and the snails vendor has two basins there’s one with a lid and there’s one without a lid so he asks the vendor why is there a lid on this basin what’s happening the thing is answers the merchant it’s because in this basin there are British snails and the British snail no matter what you do tries to escape it is not dumb so if at the end of the day you haven’t put the lid on the
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basin is empty but the other basin why is there no lid on it mister vendor are your snails sick of course not mister not at all those little snails are fine tickle tickle here you’ve got French snails and the French snail doesn’t need a lid because as soon as one tries to escape the other ones jump on it to bring him back this one is on me so this guy this guy is Saint Augustine Saint Augustine was kabyle like all the genius and at that moment in fact he doesn’t give a damn anymore he is directly downloading the truth in his head of course you’re seeing him he is downloading the truth directly in his head and in fact this painting is really subversive as much as a painting during Louis XV’s reign could be subversive and in fact he is stepping on books and there’s no joke that is at that moment he doesn’t give a damn anymore he is downloading the truth directly in his head and what does he use to download the truth in his head his heart he uses his heart because already at that time they knew that when you like something you learn it more easily in fact we’ve been knowing that for a long time since the ancient times but this painting is a reminder that is to download the knowledge directly in his brain he is going to use his passion for the truth the word magnet comes from there in fact in Aristotle’s time they were really thinking that a magnet magnetism was a sort of sympathy a sort of love which connected two objects and it’s for that reason that today in French we call it a magnet and here his magnet for knowledge is his heart and that’s the main subject of my work on education or more simply on one of the biggest lie of the industrial revolution which is to produce or to flourish a choice needs to be made you can’t have both you can either be productive and depressed or you’re fulfilled and you’re a bum and this opposition is in fact obvious when you say it out loud you can feel it’s fake you can feel it’s not relatable as soon as you make a sentence out of it you can quickly understand its limits but the worst lies are the tacit lies which are subconscious you know that in French the etymology of the word work comes from the latin tripalium which means torture instrument in Italian it’s lavoro which means the pain of giving birth so we’ve got in the Latin world a real notion that in fact the arduousness is the equivalent of work and that you can’t measure someone’s productivity without measuring his pain and and so the meritocracy by extension is a suffercracy which means if you haven’t suffered you’re not deserving once again as soon as you say it you can feel it’s not working that way in fact but there’re so many country where there’s this software in the back room of many people’s minds Korea works that way in Korea people barely take days off they’ve got a week off but they really take it furtively they even invented the concept of mini vacations you see family man who are deploying the Quechua tent in a public park from 7pm to 9pm to spend time under the tent with their children just like that some hours in the day because if you go on a real vacation it would be too much and it’s really the idea that if you’re fulfilled you’re a traitor to the national economic recovery it’s really the thing that we need to work on intellectually because not all productive people are fulfilled it’s for sure not all productive people are fulfilled you can have an engineer who is really good at his job and at some point because someone keyed his car pulls out a gun and kills someone it’s common in the States you can have someone clever you can have someone competent who at some point will become a burden for the society and the 20th century showed on a very big scale that it’s not because someone is productive that he/she is fulfilled but all fulfilled people are for sure productive you’ll never see someone fulfilled in jail it doesn’t exist of course you don’t have to believe me I have two hours to convince you about that all unproductive people are not necessarily fulfilled of course you already knew that but all fulfilled people are for sure without any doubt productive and for that we need to question the roots of productivity in fact what you’re seeing here is the new F-35’s helmet in other words the plane that cost a boatload to the American taxpayers and that still doesn’t fly perfectly and that plane has the the most neuro ergonomic helmet on earth a single helmet costs 450 thousand dollars only the helmet I’m not talking about the researche to create it I’m talking about the helmet if you want to buy yourself one for Christmas you’ll need to spend 450 thousand bucks to use this helmet and in fact this helmet illustrates a discipline which strove to be known it was very difficult and which is called neuro ergonomic this discipline was in fact born in the US air force and the reason why it was born in the US air force is not because the guy who created it who is called Raja Parasuraman who is dead now it’s not because that guy wanted to work for the US air force it’s because he had nobody else to work for that is in the 70’s when he introduced the concept of neuro ergonomy everyone laughed everyone and the US air force thought your idea is not that dumb and spent a lot of money only to enhance the pilot’s lever and the pilot’s lever it’s apparently clear that is not to plant carrots it’s to kill people so the aim of enhancing the pilot’s lever is to make it easier for him to attack more targets I mean to control the airspace they send hunters interceptors today multirole hunters who can as well bomb as intercept and to have a good control of the airspace they need the hunter to engage many other hunters and that’s what we call avionic and the avionic is still not automatic even today there’re some aspects that are automatic but they need the pilot to decide if he shoots or not so the pilot needs to have a good understanding of the things that are happening miles away from him obviously during WWI aerial fights were almost hand to hand but now they do it from further away so the main issue for the Americans during the Cold War and still today was to develop a helmet which would allow the
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pilots to understand what was going on 100km away from them in all directions who were the allies and who were the enemies when to shoot and so on so so they developed this helmet before that for example to send a missile they needed to slowly lock the target with a kind of joystick but now they just need to look at it and blink and the missile goes off this is to show you till where we can go when we really care about the ergonomic it is not impossible to care about cerebral ergonomy I won’t say it’s simple because it took them time but when you really want it here how powerful is the ergonomy and when you don’t give a damn it can give that what you’re seeing now in fact I’m a bit mean because it’s not that we don’t really give a damn this was the Rolls Royce of the military shoes in 1840 believe me and those shoes why were they the Rolls Royce of the military shoes in 1840 it’s because they were one of the first shoes in history that had a left and right foot the concept of left and right feet for example during Napoleon’s reign was a complete decadent lux if one soldier had asked to make a shoe with a left foot and one with a right foot for a change everyone would have laughed everyone the big army’s shoes was the same one you would take one for the right foot and one for the left foot but it was the same shoe and it had a meaning because you could imagine that industrially speaking it was easier to produce so if someone had asked if someone would have had the audacity to ask for a shoe only for the right and left foot everyone would have laughed at him he would almost have been called a traitor a waste of time for Napoleon and nobody would have looked further that’s my subject and it’s almost all my subject you see if you go to a shoemaker and he says you know what it’s probably not my shoe that has to adapt to your foot it’s your foot that has to adapt my shoe so you’re going to answaer that he is a jerk who doesn’t know how to do his job because I’m going to wear my feet a bit longer than your shoes your shoes are going to last 4 or 5 years I won’t wear them anymore I’m going to change them my feet though I hope I’m going to wear them a bit longer so it’s definitely not my feet that have to take the shape of your shoes it’s your shoes that have to take the shape of my feet it’s simple what I’m telling you it’s simple but remember that through History it wasn’t that simple they needed to fight intellectually to make it simple for everybody in this room today but this high flying intellectual fight led to the fact that anyone in this room knows that a shoemaker who comes and says that it’s your feet that have to adapt to his shoes is a bad shoemaker we don’t have the word shoemaker for the brain but it’s the same subject that is someone who comes and says it’s your brain that has to adapt to my system and not my system that has to adapt to your brain in fact he is ripping you off because the human being is superior to all those creations you won’t find any human creation that is superior to the humanity the humanity is superior to all the things it created from the pyramids to the Roman Empire anything the humanity is superior to all those creations and the humanity today is worrying because it is wondering if one of its creation won’t exceed it that is the artificial intelligence but so far the humanity stayed superior to all its creations and the humanist movement gave its importance to mankind that is it’s not to mankind to enter our systems it’s to our systems to adapt itself to mankind of course it’s easy to say it theoretically like that but how do we apply it concretely first we can ask ourselves if that much efforts were put into neuro ergonomy to kill people it could be interesting to put them into the daily life if you know a bit my work you know that a big subject of my research is what I called the pacifist industrial complex the opposite of the military industrial complex that is how to put the same economic and intellectual efforts put into war in peace and the neuro ergonomy is about that precisely so on one side we can observe that it took years to accept a shoe for the right foot and one for the left foot when they wanted to spend more money they made a helmet that cost 400 450 thousand dollars according to the variations that could instantly identify many targets reduce the pilot cognitive load so obviously we can legitimately ask ourselves that’s a classroom in 1875 that’s a classroom today and I’m not here to criticize that is in fact I’m a structuralist I’m never criticizing people I’m criticizing the structures I’m criticizing you know mankind is obviously superior to all his creations but he still has quite a short lifetime in his history himself in human history so we tend to let ourselves be overwhelmed by systems we created without questioning them because we’ve got automatism and we can really be overwhelmed by systems and structures we created that goes for the economy mankind created the economy to help himself but ends up dying for it mankind created the states and nations to help himself but ends up dying for them the Indians from America for example didn’t have flags they didn’t have the concept of nation state as we know it because they didn’t feel the need to but as soon as they met states with a flag and a national anthem they all died and the state nations were created in the beginning to protect themselves from the others it was bad luck for a people to met another people that had a state nation while it didn’t have one and it’s precisely what happened with the romans in Gaul but it’s also what happened with the Indians from America what’s even worse it’s that this desk here is more ergonomic than this one because it’s inclined so this one reduces the risks of carpal tunnel syndrome I admit I would’ve liked that we could have done better but how can we do to do better it’s all the subject I’m going to be very sincere I don’t have a more important message that the one that’s going to appear on the screen if you already have seen some of my conferences you already know for some of you this message but I really don’t have a more important message than this one that is to be very honest once I will have given it to you you can stand up and leave have a glass of Pinot des Charentes yes I regionalize my jokes it’s not even appropriate I couldn’t find an alcohol from Bressuire someone at the front row is telling me there are a lot but I think if I had said there were a lot you might have been offended I don’t have a more important message than this one this message is that any revolution in the human history that is philosophical political moral scientific technical religious legal whatever in each area if it’s a revolution it systematically has to go through three stages first it’s always considered ridiculous then it’s considered dangerous and finally it’s obvious ridiculous dangerous and obvious women’s vote for example statistically in a room of a thousand people there’s inevitably one that’s going to say no it’s still ridiculous today make this joke 12 days before the 8th of march done let’s be serious 1889 bill of rights 1789 sorry 1789 French bill or rights for men and men citizens but no woman in sight no missus leave me alone I’ve got work to do it’s ridiculous Olympe de gouges was beheaded she was beheaded because she tried to write the bill of rights for women and women citizens directly beheaded so we’re flirting with the dangerous but after the beheading of olympe de gouges a woman who asks for the right to vote they don’t behead they laugh so it’s ridiculous a 100 years later 1889 it’s dangerous who’s going to look after the children and wash the dishes because after a 100 years men started to ask themselves real questions so they torture lock up in psychiatric hospital or in jail the suffragettes and as a last resort they kill them a legal criterion to get a woman admitted into a psychiatric hospital at the end of the 19th century was she reads books end of the joke so we’re in the dangerous period and then today women vote and so what it’s completely obvious except for some countries to whom we give the Legion of Honour I’ve made this joke in front of prefects if you’re looking for me you’ll find me at the nearest sm club only to tell you it’s not synchronous it’s not synchronous there are places where it’s ridiculous and others where it’s obvious and that’s kind of an opportunity because if we had to change the whole world at once it would probably be too complicated for those revolutions a technologic revolution as well as a political revolution well sometimes there are geographical areas where it’s obvious and others where it’s dangerous or ridiculous but any revolution went through those three steps all of them the earth is round ridiculous dangerous obvious the earth goes round the sun ridiculous dangerous obvious the abolition of slavery ridiculous dangerous obvious the abolition of the apartheid ridiculous dangerous obvious women can wear pants ridiculous dangerous obvious ask coco chanel women and men can attend a conference together ridiculous dangerous obvious the alternating current that supply all the electronic devices of this room well the alternating current according Thomas Edison who was quite a competent guy in electric current well it was dangerous Thomas Edison during the 19th century beginning of 20th even lobbying to prove the dangerousness of alternating current that had been discovered by nikola tesla who had worked for his rival the Westinghouse society and precisely Thomas Edison did lobbying for being electrocuted becomes being Westinghouse he even electrocuted dogs and cats on a public place in New York City with alternating current to prove it was dangerous he even dared to buy an elephant retired from a circus to kill him with alternating current in new york so ridiculous dangerous obvious the problem is we go straight from dangerous to obvious so the cynicism goes on we forget that everything that surrounds us the diversity of this room as well as the alternating current or the personal computer and so on well we forget that everything that surrounds us went through those three steps it’s obvious for us now but there was a time where it was between ridiculous and dangerous so obviously it’s very easy now to laugh at our ancestors to say that they didn’t know that the alternating current wasn’t dangerous some of them at the time of incandescent lamps were unscrewing the lamp to try and lit the coil with a candle with a match and I mean it’s easy to laugh at it but what’s difficult is to ask ourselves what’s ridiculous today and what could become obvious tomorrow because we’re far from finishing in this dynamic the idea of having shoes with a right and left foot went trough ridiculous dangerous obvious and it’s the military necessity that made it slowly evolve well the idea of having neuro ergonomy in school I beg you to believe me will go from ridiculous dangerous and obvious too in fact those three steps are so true ridiculous dangerous and obvious and Schopenhauer that originated this idea in fact and Gandhi too well it’s so true that if an idea doesn’t go through ridiculous it’s not revolutionary at all if an idea doesn’t go through ridiculous it can’t be revolutionary the reciprocity isn’t true that is that every revolutionary idea must go through ridiculous but every dumb idea isn’t necessarily revolutionary it’s very difficult for a decider and today we’re all deciders it’s very difficult for a decider to make the difference between a revolutionary idea and simply a dumb idea I can see on your faces that you’re facing them every day in fact the Sufis say that the ruby is smaller than the mine to that I want to say thank you for coming but it’s true that is the ruby represents the revolutionary idea and the mine represents the dumb ideas well if you want to find a ruby without getting your hands dirty you need to go to the jeweller but you won’t earn any money on that the one that earns money thanks to the ruby is the one who goes get them when they look like rocks it works there in fact and when he pulls it out of the rock and shape it and put it on a silky embroidered cushion all of the sudden the value rose and it’s the same for the revolutions to change to bring a revolution to the world you need to go get it when it’s indistinguishable from the other dumb ideas so obviously every rock doesn’t hide a ruby it’s for obvious but each dumb idea doesn’t hide a revolution either but you’ll never see you’ll never find a ruby somewhere else than in a rock and you’ll never find a revolution somewhere else than in ideas that look dumb at their time so obviously let’s try to put it into practice on this notion of neuro ergonomy and let’s enter the heart of the matter this is Mr Alexis Lemaire and Alexis Lemaire is a scientist in quantic physic he is not autistic I insist because now you’re going to see what’s on the board and you could doubt it and he calculated the 13th square root of a number with a 100 digit numbers in his head in 3 seconds 62 his brain can make it and in fact yours actually it’s quite a debate on that for this particularly 13 square root because I really like Alexis Lemaire but he wouldn’t agree on the fact that anybody could do the same but he also published his methodology he is quite an open minded guy there was a guy named Viem Klein and his job was calculator and Viem Klein was calculating the 73rd square root of a number with 500 digit numbers in less than a minute his job was calculator for the CERN in fact at that time he was better than the computers so his job was to calculate and check the calculations of the CERN’s computers and this Viem Klein was saying that if someone was well enough trained anybody could do it because those people are extraordinarily trained and in fact that’s all the paradox he is not an idiot savant I hate this term idiot savant but it’s absolutely not the case here he is someone extraordinarily trained in Viem Klein’s case I’m going to give more details he was born with the desire of spatializing the numbers according to Viem Klein numbers are in the space that is if he had entered the room he would have started to project decimals of PI on the walls in his head to the point that he had problems Viem Klein because his brain was projecting so many numbers on the walls that he was almost ending up seeing them that is he could barely find his hotel room because if someone said to him it’s room 362 he was seeing numbers everywhere so he had to get close to the door to check which one was the real 362 of the room and which ones were simply projected by his habit to project numbers into the space all of that to show you that in fact the brain is well constructed if it doesn’t know how to calculate the 13th square root of a number with a 100 digit numbers it’s the case for most people it’s because it doesn’t need it if it had needed it it would have done it but it doesn’t need it there was no situation in the human adventure when it was useful to save lives that’s why our brain is the way it is it would be wrong to believe that our brain is weak because it doesn’t know how to do what a calculator does in fact and many people are reducing the intelligence to that so there’s something I like a lot it’s that today the artificial intelligences can pass IQ tests it hurts it hurts so bad because IQ is an interesting standard we can’t say that it’s a pseudo scientific standard it’s not the case it’s an interesting standard that is far from being complete that is far from being perfect and from representing the human intelligence but that is useful for example to check a certain level of cognitive loss in strokes it’s one of IQ’s first roles in history to check when someone had a trauma if he/she have had cognitive loss or not and it allowed to have a reproducible standard quite simple but from the time when an artificial intelligence can pass IQ tests we have 2 that it’s over because solutions we can either say the robot is now as clever as we are or we can say that the IQ is to the brain what the shadow is to the hand the shadow of my hand can teach you many things about my hand it’s true but it’s not my hand many things are not taken into account let’s reflect on this notion of intelligence there’re researchers in Caen that compared a prodigy calculator named rüdigergam that calculates divisions of primary numbers until the 60th decimal in his head and they put in imagining and compared it to quotes normal people so here you can see the result it’s a tomography with positrons emissions that calculates the sugar consumption to simplify it calculates the sugar consumption in comparison of different brain’s areas and in red you have rüdigergam in red you only have the brain’s areas that are mobilized by rüdigergam for its mental calculations and only by him and in red and green I mean in green sorry you have the ones that are mobilized by it and the others that is you put 30 peoples in imagining and ask them to calculate in their head like six by seven and so on not too much by heart calculations not by heart like 12 by 13 things like that and then you observe the area of their brain that activates on average the area of the brain that activates on average for rüdigergam and in red you highlight the difference and it’s very interesting because what the researchers discovered that rüdigergam uses its spatial memory to count we’ve been knowing it for some times because the neuron in fact isn’t there for language in the evolution the neuron is here for movement in the evolution it appears for movement at the very beginning it appears in the corals’ ancestors to throw poisoned stingers first known neuron in the evolution is this one it’s a thing that serves to throw poisoned stingers and then it’s in medusas and it serves to coordinate a propulsive movement that is in fact the movement effective propulsion movement energetically on earth medusas’ movement and a neuron is useful for that it’s not for speaking it’s not for thinking it’s for moving that’s it and later slowly our brain that has many neurons 86 billiards and in synapses even more obviously it’s hundreds and hundreds of trillions well quickly our brain is going to recruit neurons that are here for movement to do other things and in fact we can observe for example here and there what you can see here is the cerebellum the cerebellum is a bit like the brain’s graphic map we use it to walk dance to adopt a posture in general but most of all when we try to coordinate like dancing synchronised swimming and it uses the cerebellum to do maths among others and then it is going to uses his systems prefrontal linked to episodic memory this is really interesting because someone left me a bottle let’s imagine that this is a math problem it has a certain weight it’s a certain congestion this is a math problem and this is your brain well you and I the problem of dividing 2 primary numbers till the 60th decimals you and I we’re going to catch it this way it isn’t the right way of doing it and again you’re going to say thanks for coming Idriss because we can see with the hand in fact because we can see our hand but we can’t see our brain I’m giving you knowledge right now and you can’t see how your brain is catching it your brain is catching it but you can’t know if it’s ergonomic and I can even tell you that in general it isn’t because the cerebral ergonomy it took years and years to manual ergonomy the paleoanthropologist are looking at the evolution the way they cut the silex and the way they catch the rock to cut the silex well without cutting their hand the ergonomy isn’t obvious it took years and years to understand the hand ergonomy the brain ergonomy is also a challenge today because we the humans have a chimpanzee brain more or less that is we mainly see the world as tangible the tangible world our brain doesn’t have to do anything to see it because our brain has evolved for the tangible world why because it’s the tangible world we can eat or it can eat us so in the neuron’s evolution it’s practical it’s moving it’s to escape it’s to see it’s to bite it’s to eat or avoid being eaten the intangible the immaterial our brain is capable or imagining it but it requires a systematic effort the immaterial requires an effort and that’s why in Singapore for example they have some of the best math teaching techniques in the world because they’re achieving maths they’re making it more practical more tangible and more sensuous and obviously we’re then capable of doing abstract but it requires some efforts this is why an abstract work of art is more boring to watch than a figurative work of art because the figurative is concrete it’s direct our brain perceives it abstraction requires an effort and the absolute rule in neurosciences is that anything which requires an effort is unpopular everything that requires an effort anything that requires no effort is popular I let you think of the political consequences consequences of this rule which means
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that you can sell when you are Hitler in the 30’s you can sell that all the problems boil down finally to the Jews it’s because it’s very simple to imagine there’s no effort to make it’s simple it’s a narration which works and when our brain has to choose between a simple fake narration and a complicated true narration it generally chooses the fake simple narration and if we get down to the bottle well Rüdigergam catches it like that meaning that what I showed in reality my little finger represents what we call the work memory in your brain the working
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memory is the brain’s sticky note it is saturated after 15 seconds, this is what I said seconds this is why it is stupid to ask this question in class because the memory works saturates very quickly it isn’t there to do long-term retention we’ve got other memories we have the spatial memory that we use to know where we parked our car the the episodic memory we use to know what we ate in the morning the processing memory we use to do a
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a knot’s tie or to walk or to ride a bicycle and these 3 spatial episodical processing memories have a a very good stability we could add the smell and taste memory which is maybe the most stable of all and which resists even to Alzheimer actually people have a tendency to mobilize these memories to do their mental calculation the public title of this lecture was how to muscle one’s brain well the answer is that the brain is not a muscle which can be muscled and why? Because all our muscles when we train them get bigger because we are not insects we’ve got an endoskeleton our muscles are on the skeleton whereas for insects they’re inside the skeleton and that’s why the insects moult because after a while their skeleton is too small well we have an endoskeleton so when we train our muscles they get bigger but our brain is in a skull it can’t get bigger so when we train it well it reorganizes itself but it has to work at a constant mass whereas the muscle doesn’t work at a constant mass when we train it the brain does it almost works at a constant mass there’s a bit of neurogenic for the adults but we also loose neurons let’s say they work at a constant mass so it’s mainly the software that changes and clearly I can tell you that Alexis Lemaire doesn’t work with windows so how is it interesting to develop all of that I’m quoting Steve Jobs but it doesn’t mean that I’m defending what he has done or said but you’ll immediately detect someone who is intellectually immature if he says that he disagrees with a thinker because he heard he said that or that if you take for example Voltaire’s case it’s horrible I encourage you to watch Henry Guillemin’s conferences and when he talks about Voltaire part 1 Voltaire is a bastard part 2 Voltaire isn’t a bastard and part 3 who is Voltaire and in fact according to me each thinker is a fruit each thinker is a fruit there’re seeds inside including me steve jobs pierre rabhi anyone you want each thinker is a fruit and you simply need to cook your own opinion you can take out the skin the seeds or leave them it’s as you want but what steve jobs just said is very interesting it’s very interesting because it’s cold and rational it deals with love that is he is saying if you don’t love what you’re doing you’re going to give up if you don’t love what you’re doing if you’re not if you’re working on a project it might be associative entrepreneurial political scientific whatever you want well if you don’t like it when it will become a bit too hard you’re going to give up and that’s what they’re really saying and if you really like it you’ll hold on way more than the adversity and that’s really cold that is the only subject of my conference is to tell you that to produce or to flourish you don’t need to choose it’s a lie to say that you’ve got the choice between producing or flourishing edgar morin for example said it’s a beautiful observation he said the first thing I learned in our educative system is to resign myself to boredom and it’s not a fatality that is we don’t have to suffer to be good at something to be productive it doesn’t mean we won’t make any effort but effort and pain are two different things if for example you want someone to burn a maximum of calories well make him play football but don’t make him run around the field if you do that he is going to stop and won’t come back next time except if you’re on his back if you make him play football he might come back on his own like a grown up and burns even more calories he will make even more efforts but he won’t perceive it as something annoying or painful so lets see this notion of perseverance when we like what we’re doing that’s a good example it’s the story of airbnb but why is there air in airbnb according to you yes well yes it’s completely true that is at the beginning airbnb was made of design students who san Francisco is an obscene city in terms of real estate prices it’s the most expensive city in the US and so some people thought we’re going to sublet our living room we’re going to sublet an air mattress in the living room an air bed and because we’re not animals we will share our breakfast so we’re going to do air bed and breakfast and that’s the concept air bed and breakfast so it works between buddies but as soon as they asked bankers a loan it didn’t work anymore I mean they meet an investor and say we’ve got a great idea strangers are going to live at your place well the investor live in a penthouse with a different key for the elevator he doesn’t really see how he’s going to let it to a stranger so this project doesn’t have credibility it doesn’t work it’s ridiculous so they go into debts don’t have anymore money they’re close to go bankrupt and just before declaring bankruptcy they decide to do a last stand and to print special offers so we could have done air bed but as they don’t have money anymore they decide to do breakfast and so they print cereal boxes these are the commemorative boxes they are 80 cm, 1 meter high but the original were as big as a small box from a vending machine with 30g of cereals inside and they sell them 40$ apiece you cannot explain this we are in the USA so this is going to work they will sell 800 of them but it is not going to pay back their mortgage I mean the debt on their credit cards but it’s going to bring back their confidence so they go to meet their investors we’ve got a great idea strangers are going to sleep at your house the answer was if you’ve got nothing more solid to offer the door is this way we have got other arguments you remember these cereal boxes I heard about it in the San Francisco Chronicle how many did you sell 800 sir 800 that makes 1000$ right no no we earned 32000$ if there’s one thing the investor knows it is how to calculate and you sold them 40$ each you’re pulling my leg no no it’s true have a look at the order forms look at the tax receipts and so he puts the box back says nothing during at least one minute then takes his ckeck book out and utters an historical sentence listen guys your project let me tell you straight away I don’t believe in it but if you say you are capable of selling 40$ boxes which cost 2,50$ in the vending machine at my door of course I will invest and the founders will say you need to be a cereal entrepreneur because the cereal entrepreneur is the guy ready to print damned cereal boxes to finance his project and as a rule it’s true that what makes this kind of project for an association an NGO a foundation a firm or movements the best profile are not the winners because for example in the Silicon Valley this consensus on the entrepreneur side the guys from Harvard won’t do that because they did not go to Harvard to print cereal boxes as soon as it becomes tough the guys say here’s Google right there which offers a 150000$ salary a year why should I bother and eventually they quit but if the project is your baby if truly you are emotionally bound it’s in your guts it’s your project and you are not going to quit in the open countryside because it’s your project so we see why loving what
00:39:13,970 –>00:39:19,580
we do may make us more competitive because that’s the topic once again flourishing productivity for example in the knowledge economy which is my hobby why loving what to do makes us more performing we are transferring knowledge here I am giving you knowledge and in exchange what are you giving me attention very good and what else time these are the most fundamental ressources of human existence and attention is very important because if you stay 20 years in a coma we can say that you lost those 20 years 20 years in a comma are 20 years lost essentially so the attention is really important in a coma our attention is at 0 you have to pay for attention it costs money it even costs a lot of money people who are selling attention today are very rich people they’re called facebook google twitter youtube that belongs to google people who are attention dealers today are loaded facebook is worth 5 times total in stock exchange because the attention is worth much more than oil you’re selling attention barrels you’re richer than when you’re selling oil barrels otherwise Facebook wouldn’t be worth it 5 times total in stock exchange
00:40:25,990 –>00:40:32,410
and you’ve seen recently the scandal of data selling at facebook and the Americans are not saying give your attention they’re saying pay attention we pay the attention in English it’s not give me your attention we say pay me attention pay me something because we pay attention and time is the most precious resource of our existence there’s no doubt Gandhi when he gave up all his material goods the only thing he kept is his watch that’s it he even threw away the chain he kept a small cord he kept his 1 dollar Ingersoll watch as his only material good that followed him in his grave and in fact he checked it just before getting killed so attention and time it is impossible to download knowledge in your head without having paid attention and time it is impossible you can’t download knowledge in your brain without having paid attention and time that are the two sinequanone things to save a knowledge in your head so it gives this small equation very cute I’m doing a parenthesis people are so disgusted by math nowadays that there are some people
00:41:34,750 –>00:41:37,030
when they’re shown an equation there’s a part of their brain that activates and says don’t even try it so I’m going to talk about this phenomenon of this don’t even try it in psychology it’s called the taught powerlessness we can convince a child very quickly that he is bad it’s dramatic but it also works for the adult but please delete this app that says don’t even try it really delete it because in fact it is super what’s the aim of an equation remind it to me do you know it is there someone in the room that knows why it was invented because a clue it wasn’t invented to piss you off in fact but we don’t have time to learn it at school but what’s the use of an equation what are the specifications for an equation in human history is to squeeze an expression in as few digits possible in math history the equation slowly appears with only one red line to reduce the digits number for a long sentence for example the sign equal was invented by a Scottish mathematician that was just fed up of writing equal to everyday he was writing lines of equal to and he was fed up so he just said I’m going to write two lines that’s it and the x in the equations was invented in bagdad during Charles the Great or during Iznogoud depending on your references and Arabians were just writing x with a letter they were pronouncing rh and when Spaniards Latinised this letter they were pronouncing rh they replaced it by a letter they themselves were pronouncing rh the x from mexico the x is pronounced rh in in andalousia when they latinized it they replaced it by a x when Descartes invented the sign I mean the symbol the notation sorry square by square x squared and then x cubed 4 x it was just because he was fed up of writing too many x so an equation in the beginning is only useful for this obviously when we switch to morse when you switch to a code you need to decode it it’s annoying but at least when you write it you have all the expression at once this equation is very simple it just says that the drawn knowledge the downloaded knowledge phi of k the flow of knowledge k is obviously knowledge in English knowledge meaning knowledge the drawn knowledge from a well for example that well so the drawn knowledge from that well is directly proportional the middle sign only means proportional I didn’t write equal because it’s not the same thing it’s just proportional to the product of attention and time the quantity of knowledge you will remember from this conference is directly proportional to the attention and time you will have paid so this equation is not perfect it does not take into account sleep you know when you sleep you consolidate it’s not written here it’s written nowhere that you consolidate when you sleep it’s not written there’s also experience it is not taken into account in this equation you know that when you already know something it’s easier to learn the next thing it’s not written here but
00:44:36,050 –>00:44:39,050
it works very well for this lecture meaning that the sum of knowledge you are going to draw from this lecture at the end of the day is directly proportional to the product of the tension and time you will have paid so what are the consequences why did I write a product I could have written a plus on the T I could have written time T I could have written power T but why did I write by T because in maths the product has a particular property which is called contagion of the zero and the contagion of the zero means exactly this meaning that if you do a by b by c by d until z and your letters have a zero then your product equals zero this is what I wanted to show as in real life this is how it goes you are here listening to me well if you give me an hour of your time but during one hour you are as if listening to Barry White’s music in your head there will be no transfer of knowledge I like this example because statistically there will necessary be somebody in the room who is going to have let the music play can you feel it is coming or not this is dirty of me and if you give me all your attention you are into it but can only do it for thirty seconds
00:45:43,520 –>00:45:46,430
only well there will be no transfer as well so we see that we must give both a by t and we see there food for thought about school because at school obviously the only thing you can control this is t you will be doing three hours of English each week you will not become bilingual finally because three hours do not mean three hours of maximal attention yes if school were competitive to catch one’s attention we would know it I am not here to attack school in fact you should know that school was very competitive to catch the attention at a time we have completely forgotten this why did Ferry create compulsory public instruction and why does he write a law well it’s for the parents because the kids the pupils wanted to go to school if you asked to a countryside kid if you can choose between wrapping straw sheaves and listening to Jules Caesar’s life the calculation is soon done the countryside kids wanted to go to school when the parents said what do you think is the use of learning Jules Caesar’s life to wrap straw sheaves at first it was the parents who did not want public compulsory instruction from a legal point of view it was to compel the parents to leave children at school clearly there were many other stakes it is not the point to debate on this today but at first it was really to compel the parents and some generations later the parents have perfectly understood that it was also a matter of social promotion and so they said to their children now go school is now compulsory for the children not for the parents why because at the time school was competitive to catch attention and in the meantime there was the written press the radio the television internet you tube social media video games there has been a race to arms to catch your attention to receive human attention it’s has become more and more precious think of the 50’s you would take your phone and you had a real person in front of you you had an operator you did not need to dial a number there was a real operator who talked to you because at the time giving human attention was still really possible and not too expensive but today only for after-sales service try to talk to a real human just to test it has become more and more difficult to have human attention available for a problem meanwhile the media have fought to try to catch a maximum of shares of our attention which has been tragically called human available brain time unfortunately it is true and so the good news is that school could be competitive it’s just that it did not have to do it because it was compulsory it did not to fight to have the sum of attention it required but thing is that you can force time
00:48:08,560 –>00:48:12,220
you cannot force attention you cannot absolutely even if you are in Clockwise Orange Stanley Kubrick with the guy who has the eyes wide open you cannot force somebody to give his attention it is not possible you can seduce yes it’s possible to seduce people’s attention this is possible but forcing their attention is not possible you cannot rape it you can just seduce it which by the way is a good thing but obvisouly in teaching this is what should be done if your money is your purchasing power in AT so there are many happy consequences but sorry an AT is the currency for the economy of knowledge it is not time it is an AT meaning one hour with maximum attention and beware maximal is very easy to define this is when you are so caught up by a book that you miss your station when you are so caught up by a book or by a candy crush game and you miss your station well you have reached an equal of 100% attention and when you are in elevator music mood in your head sorry Barry well your attention equals zero and there is a whole spectrum between the two when your attention equals 100% this is what we call in psychology the blurry we call it
00:49:07,060 –>00:49:10,780
the flow and this is a precise reference to the flow of knowledge in a position of flow the knowledge comes high-speed well on one hand the beauty of this equation despite all its imperfections well if your purchasing power is in TA the young Somali wasn’t born with 1000$ but he was born with attention and time in the economy of knowledge well everyone has a purchasing power at birth obviously in economy purchasing power and access to a shop are separated it isn’t the same thing if you have 1 million at the bank and that banks are closed you have 1 million at the bank at least for the fisc you have them so in economy we completely separate the how much you have in purchasing power and are the shops open it’s two different things obviously the Somali doesn’t have the same access to knowledge shops than us it’s obvious he doesn’t have the same opportunity can’t take the same path to get access to spend his TA but the arrival of smartphones in Africa starts slowly to I won’t say equalize the opportunities it would be wrong but to give more opportunities to spent his TA in constructive things
00:50:09,830 –>00:50:14,400
finally the unemployed has more purchasing power than the employed because the unemployed has a quantity of TA for his personal consumption superiors to the employed except if the employed confuses his personal accountancy and his professional accountancy in TA what does it mean to confuse one’s personal accountancy and professional accountancy in TA it means learn at your workplace something you would have wanted to learn during your free time and that’s more and more encouraged because we realize that It’s efficient to do that obviously according to me the prettiest dimension of the knowledge economy it’s the condition to what we maximise our purchasing power how do we how is it called when we give all our attention and time to someone how do we call this phenomenon love when we love someone it is very easy to spend your TA for this person we love our children it’s easy to give them TA well it’s the same for a discipline if you love something if you love math it’s very easy to give it TA if you hate it it’s more complicated it means that the knowledge economy literally maximise the lovers purchasing power
00:51:17,479 –>00:51:22,170
normally here I have to throw the mic and leave I didn’t discovered it it’s Leonard Da Vinci before him Aristophane but Da Vinci clearly wrote in the Atlanticus Codex if you want to learn something efficiently treat yourself to the luxury he really used the word luxury to try and like it luxury because you’ll have the impression of losing time I don’t have time I have to deliver someone tomorrow I have to fill this form yes but if you have the luxury of finding the time to love it’s worth it because during the next months you’ll learn faster and much longer yes if you have 5 hours and you like it you have 5 TA if you have 5 hours and don’t like you might have on TA because your attention will roughly average 20% so if you like it your attention will be at 100% during the 5 hours so yes mathematically the knowledge economy maximise the lovers purchasing power and here we can see why the love of one’s job makes one more competitive to use the term so there are many consequences we could see to this but it is above all the difference between a chore and a passion actually a passion is a very weak entrance barrier and a very strong exit barrier whereas
00:52:23,190 –>00:52:26,279
it is the contrary with a chore in other words if you come back home and you are exhausted you’ve got something to do well there are two possible versions to make it simple either it is a passion and you are going to do it straight away as soon as you are home you are going to do it the entrance barrier is thus very weak actually we can even say that the entrance barrier is negative so low it is because it means you started thinking about it before even being back home so the entrance barrier is negative because it is so low and then you’re doing your thing you are into it when the telephone rings but you don’t take the call because it is a a passion so the exit barrier is very high to distract you is going to be very tough this is passion now for the chore well the chore you get back home you are exhausted but you don’t feel like doing it you will need an effort to start doing it so a high entrance barrier the effort is necessary and then once you have started the telephone starts ringing and you stop suddenly exit barrier very weak and this is the difference between a passion and a a chore and here we can see immediately why passion is more productive than a chore and this is what
00:53:22,710 –>00:53:27,150
this equation stands for I use my heart to get into my head the knowledge in my brain I use the fact I love it the passion to get the knowledge into my brain so obviously just below love there is addiction yes addiction because all love is addictive but all addiction is not necessarily love I will leave you ponder on this for five minutes and so there are technologies there are media which are great at catching the TA and there are media which are sponges for TA and these media are the games and not only video games it’s known since Antique times that games are TA sponges when the Greeks wanted peace they organised Olympic Games everybody watched and Thebes came Athens came Sparta came they were three cities which spent their time fighting the rest of the year but there was the Olympic truce they watched the Games they did not fight the Romans the Romans when they wanted peace they organised the circus games everybody watched and there was peace and still today when TF1 wants to sell an ad we agree that they don’t offer a lecture at the French Academy they offer games either television games or football we agree that a world championship final is going to catch
00:54:31,230 –>00:54:35,880
much more TA in one instance than the whole university world in ten years and this is why Neymar is much more paid than me don’t laugh it’s not supposed to be funny actually we agree that for an architect or for the mayor of a town or for a chairman of local council community it makes sense to build a stadium for 10 20 until 80 000 persons but you will never see a 80000 persons auditorium because to spread the cost of a 80 000 people stadium it takes 5 years to spread the cost of a 80000 people auditorium it’s harder it doesn’t mean it’s impossible today we’ve got MOOC with on line classes well we start to welcome TA in big quantities on curves but it stays lower to football because games are great to capture attention and time why because games are very neuro ergonomic and I’ll be back on that so for example I’ve got two questions to ask you on that we’ll start with the most special the most technical you know that in china there’s a university that trains professional players it’s called Lanxiang institute of technology it’s a state university and this state university trains professional players that’s what we call electronic sports the E sport Korea have a
00:55:54,059 –>00:55:57,990
state secretary a state secretary for e sports there are competitions and Olympics according to you how much earn the e sports Olympic winners on a game called starcraft ii or dota ii how much do you think they can live with it well they can totally live with it in fact they can even buy several villas with an ocean view in biscarosse it’s 6 millions I’m talking about a number from 2014 I’m not even sure it’s the same price now in 2014 the dota and starcraft winners won 6 millions of dollars behind that there was google facebook apple tesla that offered them football players’ salaries to train their artificial intelligence that’s the subject let’s go back on the work of the brain question are there physicians in the room what’s the unit of measure of work in physic how do you measure work in physic in Jouls good work is an energy in physic well it’s the same for the brain it’s a simplification but 95% of all scientific publications in cognitive neuroscience what they’re looking at is the compared consumption of glucose by the brain that’s it exactly like this one for example this one I showed you what it is looking at is the compared consumption
00:57:06,150 –>00:57:09,960
of glucose tomography with positrons emission the functional resonance imaging well functional and magnetic also called the bold answer meaning blood oxidation level dependence that answers roughly which part of the brain is more irrigated and more irrigated because it needs more oxygen to metabolize more lactate so to simplify sorry have you seen the number well good in fact to simplify really the work in the brain it can be measured in how much fuel was spent today according to you in which of the following tasks your brain works the most meaning consume the most glucose or lactate more precisely when you play the chess when you play a weiqi game when you tie a tie when you cook mayonnaise when you calculate the 13 square root of a 100 digit numbers as you’ve seen previously when you solve differential equations with stochastic partial derived every morning at breakfast or when you play starcraft 2 your opinion in which situation your brain is going to burn the most glucose so from very far starcraft 2 actually according to you which one is the most simple in terms of consumption which one
00:58:30,470 –>00:58:34,869
consumes the lest glucose the mayonnaise the tie well the answer is the the 13 square root of a 100 digit numbers well obviously don’t make me say what I haven’t everyone doesn’t know how to admitting that you can do it the consumption of glucose is not incredible also and it’s extremely interesting what just comes after are differential stochastic derived partial equations but don’t let me say what I haven’t said we cannot solve them analytically but to do numerical approximations there is a website which does it very well called wolfram alpha and this is just what you must remember wolfram alpha consumes less energy doing this than a request on Google meaning that looking for a pizzeria at Bressuire consumes more Joules more kilowatt-hour than to solve a stochastic partial derived differential equation the Google webservers will have a higher electricity bill if you ask them to find pizzeria at Bressuire than if you asked them to solve numerically a a stochastic differential equation apart from this question because beyond the consumption of glucose in the brain there is a very easy way in maths so very rigorous as it is for the group in maths to explain the difficulty of a problem the difficulty of a problem in maths is very simple it is the length of a minimal program which resolves the task precisely if you are interested in this in a programming language which is called the assembler if you have to calculate the complexity of a problem it’s the length it’s a pattern of repetition you count the repetitions obviously but the length of the program that makes the tasks well the 13th square root equals one page one page of the program can calculate the 13th square root of a 100 digit numbers you can program a big calculator to do it like a TI92 it can do it big up to all the nerds who once had it in their bag so it’s not crazy same the differentiated equation will consume less kilowatts than a google request after that you’ve got chess game that’s always under the google request to be very rigorous the chess game and yes it’s hard ok but in fact machines beat humans it’s over since 1995 it’s over the best human cannot defeat the best machines anymore it’s over deeper blow and deep blow of ibm have beaten the best humans and it’s over we can’t go back no human can beat the best machines to a chess game it’s over and after that there’s the weiqi game the weiqi game is even harder than the chess game from a math point of view but no human can beat the best machines anymore Lee Se-Dol the weiqi game master was beaten by alpha go the google
01:01:22,229 –>01:01:25,079
software and that’s over no human can beat the machines anymore and after that you’ve got the tie so yes a robot can also tie a tie but how can you explain it that a tie is fashion how do you explain it that the knot is balanced how do you explain that the fabric matches the shirt and the colour matches the suit how do you incorporate it in the machine how do you code it google would love to have an artificial intelligence that can do it google would love to have an automatic karl Lagerfeld that can choose the next trends it could send it to the next speculator on cotton he would go crazy the guy would love to have that but they can’t because for the moment artificial intelligences can’t do it and after that you’ve got the mayonnaise same principle how do you tell the robot the egg is here the mustard here the oil here you need to mix this way and incorporate the oil you need to separate the white from the yolk go explain it to the robot how do you program it and if you’re playful you put a golf ball too how do you explain the robot that this is a golf ball and this is an egg and that an egg is cracked like this we don’t know how to do it there’s no robot today that knows how to cook mayonnaise when it’s easy for us during a long time we believed that intelligence was the capacity to express yourself without any ambiguity it was very controversial in the 90’s there was an philosopher named Jacques Derrida and he had an honoris causa PHD from Cambridge university there was a tribune written against him that was signed by I won’t say the greatest philosophers of their time because no one knows them anymore today but by great professors who said that derrida wasn’t a philosopher they signed the tribune in the London time it was serious they said that derrida wasn’t a philosopher because he was speaking a language extraordinarily ambiguous and ambiguity is contrary to philosophy you don’t need to have read Esope to say bullshit like that but at the time well it was clearly declared that ambiguity couldn’t have its place in the philosophical language so let’s go back on ambiguity I was talking about ambiguity at a time when it was considered that expressing yourself in an ambiguous language was a sign of low intelligence or at least a lack of philosophical rigor and today everyone who works in
01:03:25,050 –>01:03:27,270
artificial intelligence knows that the AI future is to deal with ambiguity when you ask to an AI something you go on your smart TV and you shout in the remote’s mic the next movie you want to see at the beginning if you say play a clint eastwood movie it might write it like k l i m t because the artificial intelligence didn’t get that you switched that fast between French and English it was ambiguous it could have been interpreted in many ways our brain deals the ambiguity very well but the definition of an algorithm the rigorous definition of an algorithm is a list of instructions to execute without any ambiguity it’s the mathematical definition of an algorithm list of instructions to do without ambiguity and that what makes the crepes recipe isn’t an algorithm yet because in the crepe recipe there’re many freedom degrees according to the quantity of grand marnier you pour in the paste or not you can’t actually copied and afterward where were we I said nanani the mayonnaise our tie and way before that you played starcraft 2 I understand it seems crazy but a professional gamer of starcraft 2 is doing 400 actions per minute 400 actions per minute to give you an idea it’s like to play Chopin’s great waltz in replay at least the most dense part of the great waltz in replay during 30 minutes you can see them on their keyboard for 30 minutes without stopping a piano keyboard has more keys than a computer keyboard because it has 85 keys while a computer keyboard has less useful keys but if you add the computer mouse let’s say that it also makes 85 a professional game lasts 30 minutes a professional gamer does 400 actions per minutes there’re 85 actions possible how many different game are possible it makes 85 power 30 by 400 the weiqi game next to it looks like a tic-tac-toe game because for the weiqi game the number of possible games is 10 power 800 it’s huge but it’s less than the number I just gave you and the number of chess game possible is 10 power 120 it’s also huge but it’s less than weiqi game so in fact the artificial intelligence in AI history started on a tic-tac-toe game the first AI during Voi noi man could beat a tic-tac-toe player then the chess game arrived it didn’t go straight from tic-tac-toe to chess but the next step was chess in 95 then the weiqi game in 2014 and the new future is starcraft 2 that is today google tesla apple and facebook are paying professional players to train their AI and because AI is expensive well those players are very well paid so it’s weird because I understand that if you’re in a train you’re cool and you go have a coffee at the dining car you go through 3 wagons you go through the first one and you see a guy who plays chess that’s cool you go through the next one and then you see a guy who plays a weiqi game that’s even cooler you can come to my place whenever you want I’ll introduce you to my daughter and finally you arrive just before the dinning car there’s a guy playing on the computer like a no life or a nerd on starcraft 2 so you don’t stop or look at him because it’s not cool but in fact from a mathematical point of view all of that is much harder all of that to tell you that arduousness and productivity are not the same thing suffering isn’t an indicator for productivity and to think that if you don’t suffer you’re not productive is a big mistake and in this math case we can clearly see that it’s easier to get into starcraft2 than a weiqi game but still it’s much much harder to be a professional player the other question I’m asking you I told you that games are TA vacuum cleaner according to you how much time humanity accumulated on this game world of warcraft if we link all the hours how long it is who thinks it’s equivalent to the US’s age which is 242 years old more or less who thinks it’s the France’s age that is 1500 years old who thinks it’s the civilisation’s age 15 thousand years because yes the civilisation’s age is in fact superior to France’s age when I make this joke in the US they directly do a standing-ovation who thinks it’s more than 15 thousand years enjoy if we join all the hours that were spent on world of warcraft it equals 7 million years between 2004 and 2014 only it’s 50 more times than all the worked hours by apple and all its suppliers since 1976 if you join all the worked hours by apple and all its suppliers apple is the richest society of the world parenthesis when I say rich I really mean rich when they call their banks to know how much they have on their bank accounts what does the
01:08:51,810 –>01:08:58,620
bank says according to you I’m talking cash I’m not talking of their market value I’m talking cash the bank says your account is a credit yes a credit you’re following good of Quatar’s GDP plus the German’s defence budget plus the French one and when I say this in the US they say bad example 250 billions in cash with 1 50th of the hours spent on world of warcraft and here I’m giving the advantage to apple because I consider that 1 hour equal an TA and we all know that it’s not true in the office people are like no it’s false so obviously if I told you that one day maybe we could create quatar’s GDP by playing a game it’s non sense so here’s what starcratf’s competitions look like as I told you here you can see someone being photographed it’s entire stadiums being committed to a project I really like this example let’s do a test who in the room has heard of Samuel pirponte the british that’s the problem that is according to my trust level in fact I bet a different part of my anatomy that no one in the room has heard of Samuel pirponte the british but because there’s always someone to raise it’s hand I’d rather tell you straight away I won’t go lower than my appendage in fact believe me this guy is a guy who doesn’t matter for most people today it was the guy paid by the president of the USA to fly the first plane and the guy was the perfect son-in-law he had a sit at the Smithsonian it was the American French college he played gold with the president the new york times was following him everywhere and of course he was rich so this guy had the perfect conditions to fly the first plane who flied the first plane I know it’s controversial some will say that it was Clement Adder they’ll be right there’re also the wright brothers they are in the american history books they flied the first plane why do we know the wright brothers better and not Samuel pirponte the british who were the wright brothers at the beginning they were spare parts bike sellers 60 km away from Dayton in Ohio their pedigree was that one of them had graduated from high school only one of them and no one in their team had graduated from high school those guys were selling bike spare parts in corn fields why them and why not somebody else why isn’t it a guy from MIT Polytechnic Cambridge oxford why them
01:11:52,000 –>01:11:55,790
because when they were going on the field they were sending 5 packs of spare parts a day that is they were crashing 5 times a day so obviously at 30 miles per hour that’s why it was a biplane a biplane is to have a low velocity lift or levitation but still they were crashing 5 times a day but when you’re Samuel fucking pirponte the british you can’t crash not only once because you play gold with the president because the new york times follows you everywhere because you’ve got a grant and because you have a chair at the Smithsonian so failure is expensive and in order to learn well failure can’t be too expensive in fact if you want to learn well to innovate well to create well or to change the world or to receive a nobel price whatever failure needs to be not too expensive because it’s tests and failure that create novelty and when failure is expensive you won’t try as much right after the first failure you’ll stop everything so the paradox of the guy who has the best pedigree and whom no one knows anymore not even the name it’s because for that guy failure was very expensive whereas when you’re the wright brother in Ohio nobody cares that you’re crashing with your machine in corn fields so you can try 5 times a day so you’ll beat that guy I didn’t discover this great principle it’s a guy who’s named simon sinek I recommend you his word he clearly says that failure is a diploma and if you don’t have that failure diploma if you haven’t dealt with failure in your life you can’t try to do something new because the definition of something new can’t work at the first try if so someone would have done it before you a good example sorry I made a mistake I didn’t that’s why it was in italian it’s not my fault I’ve made this conference in italian I changed slides sorry yes I’m half kabyle and half Italian the world is divided in two categories the kabyles and the ones who want to be kabyle there’s a clapping that almost started good bejaïa power right so what’s written is failure is a diploma and bill gates says and it’s linked with what I said about the apple he says I failed exams at the university I failed some exams and by the way he doesn’t have his licence he never finished his licence but I have friends who didn’t they’re the ideal son in laws they’re so clever they passed all their exams well my friends who passed all their exams are engineers at Microsoft it hurts so bad failure is a diploma and you can’t try something new if you don’t have that diploma an other good example that I really like is the effect bannister roger bannister arrives in a context where there’re medical congresses at the university that say that it’s impossible to run a mile in less than 4 minutes it’s a physiological limit of the human body you can’t so you have many guys that make amazing congresses that absolutely don’t run the mile for a start but those guys say that’s that’s impossible we say that you couldn’t do it that is how it is that’s a limit of the human body you can’t run a mile in less than 4 minutes and then roger bannister didn’t listen to that medicine course of Cambridge so he ran a mile in three minutes and fifty nine seconds and what’s interesting it’s once he did it in the whole world well three hundreds people in six months ran a mile in less than four minutes so how do we interpret that what does it mean was it their nutrition
01:15:38,940 –>01:15:42,360
that changed was it their training that changed was it their physiologic that changed have they been exposed to a radioactive cloud that we don’t know of so have they succeeded in surpassing their limits or is it only because they knew mentally they knew it was possible because someone had done it we call it the bannister effect and you’ll find the effet bannister in a lot of areas not only physically it can also be intellectually that’s my drunkenness test what colour is the elephant in fact I’ve heard that some people were saying that it was a legend but I can assure that it was verified we know and archaeologist who studied what we called the collapse of bronze age which is a very significant area of human history the bronze age the iron was a precious metal at the end of the bronze age iron was difficult to found and that’s why the Egyptians were making removable boats I’ll talk about it later in the conference because iron nails for a boat isn’t very good and the elephants to tie them a bronze chain isn’t good either so mahouts had understood that the best way to tie an elephant was to tie him in his head that is they tied
01:16:52,280 –>01:16:56,780
a small cord to his leg as a baby of course and it couldn’t break this small cord obviously but as an adult they tied the same small cord and the elephant didn’t move because it understood in it’s training it’s memory its psyche call as you want it had understood that this cord was invincible and it couldn’t do anything against it so he wasn’t moving and there’re a lot of not rodeo but rather western riding champions that tie their horses to a chair in the garden and what’s crazy is the horse is tied to a garden’s chair and it doesn’t move because it can see the node if they don’t tie the cord it runs away it’s not dumb so the question we have to ask ourselves is how many cords we have in our minds because we all have some our brain is a bit like a smartphones because it has apps there’re an app environment it is here since birth it’s installed by the constructor if you want and it’s the fear of being abandoned our brain fears to be abandoned when we’re young than as an adult it becomes the fear of being excluded by the group as an adult it becomes the fear of being rejected by the group it’s very painful we have the proof
01:17:56,150 –>01:17:59,390
today in functional imagery that when the human is rejected by his group the part of the brain that activates is a part associated to physical pain and the psychological pain is much more painful than physical pain many people think it’s the contrary but imagine you ride a horse and you break your leg like really hard like an open fracture really painful and six or ten months later you’ll go back on riding a horse now imagine that you’re riding a horse and someone tells you the worst news of your entire life like the death of your mother or father or child something really bad I can guarantee you that half the time you’ll never ride a horse again because it’s much more difficult to get over psychological pain than physical pain that’s why the post traumatic stress exists in conflict zones so the question to ask ourselves is how many cords we have in our heads I’ll give you a a quick example there’s an american teacher named charice Nixon and she did a test with her pupils and asked them to do write anagrams you can see on the left column the paper she gave to all of her students in her class so thirty pupils and said when you’ll solve this paper
01:19:03,990 –>01:19:08,610
that is find all the anagrams of those words raise your hand and she tricked three of her pupils she gave them the right column paper and on the right one the first two words you can try as much as you want there’s no anagrams for them in English but the last one is the same one maybe someone here has found it you may be not a native it’s harder when you’re not a native but it’s a quick test American that’s right I can see we’ve got a scrabble double black belt so as you can see it’s not your mother language but you’ve found it right away in fact let five minutes to the pupils especially because they’re used to it it gets harder but it starts with the most simple so bat tab melon lemon and Cinerama american right so what’s happening in fact when the other students who had the paper with the impossible first two see all the class raising their hand main well they’re convinced the last one is also impossible and they say it they go through a lie detector and according to them the third one is impossible their brain told them don’t even think of trying don’t you see it’s impossible don’t even try and what the pupils say afterward when asked how did you feel they say they’ve never felt this dumb we call it the taught helplessness in English it wouldn’t surprise if I told you it’s a paradigm discovered by the CIA during cold war it was discovered by a teacher named martin Seligman and who tortured dogs because we can also do that you mustn’t laugh at at that one and that man took a cage with a wall inside it and from one side of the cage he throws an electric discharge the dog can jump over the wall and goes to the other side of the cage for protection then he throws a discharge on that side and he observes that the dog can also jump then he acts like a jerk and throws discharges from both sides and once the dog figured it out it can’t do anything else it lies down and accepts its fate and when they open the door it doesn’t come out taught helplessness it thinks it’s ok and hostage takers know that farcs for example when they had hostages in the jungle they couldn’t keep them in jail because they had to constantly walk so what they would do they made their hostages repeat blindfolded and hands tied in their back I’m alone I’m alone hundreds of time a day you have to repeat all morning I’m alone I’m alone if you not you take a blow and it works very well because it’s known that people don’t try to escape afterward taught helplessness it’s also known that the more people know this phenomenon in advance the more they resist to it that’s a bit why I’m giving those conferences I don’t think you’ll get kidnapped by the farcs tomorrow
01:21:50,940 –>01:21:57,630
but we never know to be honest I decided to write a book because we didn’t know that professor Seligman had participated to the CIA torture program we didn’t know and it was revealed later he was part of the American psychological association which is a great association that works well not criticized at all but he was a very important member of that association we’ve got many proofs nowadays that he participated to a CIA torture program that’s when I wanted to write a book because I thought it was a bit too much we could talk neurosciences to the public because there’re people who work on how to manipulate others it would be great that some other work on trying to tell them about it it was the main subject of my work the taught helplessness tested at school works really great and the worst is when there’s an academic failure we can’t tell if the failure is due to the stupidity of the student let’s say a cognitive disability or if it’s because he thinks he is dumb to know it the student should receive a cerebral imagery and we can’t have one MRI by school today maybe tomorrow we could same as yesterday we couldn’t have a computer by school when the computers were as big as a
01:22:59,010 –>01:23:01,170
pool room and today there’re many computers in one school maybe tomorrow we’ll have the money for it but for now we can’t so when a student fail we can’t tell if it’s because he’s convinced he’s bad or if it’s because he isn’t good enough and the taught helplessness I insist can happen in fifteen minutes fifteen minutes and for the adult only that’s another test called Asch’s conformity experience Solomon Asch during the 60’s presents the lines you can see here the lines you can see on the right and asks adults which one of this three lines is the same length of the one on the left it’s line number 2 it’s very easy but afterward he pays fifteen actors to say of course not it’s number three and observes how many persons change their mind 8 out of 10 in general so obviously when interrogated the majority of those 8 out of 10 will say I knew it but I won’t fight for lines and they’re right it’s the good answer but in general there’s one out those 8 that won’t believe that is he auto hypnotised himself to follow the group it’s very scary because it’s ok for a line but when it’s to say that torturing people is
01:24:22,230 –>01:24:25,050
good because there’re fifteen people who tell you that torturing people is good so what do you think is it good or not it’s harder here it’s what we call the Nuremberg effect typically why good family men can kill people without any problem because their surrounding told them it was ok in fact that’s the problem our brain when it has to choose between conformity and truth it chooses conformity why because when you were in the jungle or during ice age for our ancestors if you were right but excluded from the group you were right but dead so it was great to be right but if you were excluded from the group you were dead admitting you could survive you couldn’t have a progeny because you were excluded from the group single parenthood doesn’t work for humans so we’re the descendants of those who stayed in the group in fact another experience that I love is a creativity test where you have to the test itself isn’t that interesting the only thing that matters is what the psychologist is going to do with it the test is you’ve got all of this and you have to entirely burn the candle
01:25:33,460 –>01:25:37,119
and keep it parallel to the wall and left no wax on the table so it’s not the most exiting thing of your day I’ll give you the result straight away the result is that nothing else that’s why it’s a creativity test because it’s badly done because you normally have to keep the thumbtacks inside the box that’s here it’s a creativity test because it forces the person to see the box as an integral part of the problem resolution not simply a thumbtacks container that happens to be here well it’s not that which is important what’s important is that they have a psychologist who’s going to tell a room as big as one row all the people on the left side if you solve this problem I’ll give you 100 dollars each and everyone on the right if you don’t solve this sorry if you solve this problem I’ll shake your hand according to you which group works best as you know it you know it’s the shake of hand group the reason is the reward enhances the focus and memorization on things already seen the reward works well for an exercise we corrected in class
01:26:45,849 –>01:26:49,329
it works well the reward it works for strengthening a behaviour already repeated the reward works well for a repetition the reward is counter productive to an original solution because it puts the brain when the brain faces a reward instinctively it puts itself in the situation it’s something we’ve repeated it won’t tell you of course but the brain when it is in a rewarding situation positive or negative strengthening something stimulating it directly thinks ok it’s something I’ve already seen so it’s going to saturate the solving problems space by its memory when it shouldn’t because the solution isn’t in its memory so it reduces its performances so there’re situations when the reward reduces the performances we call it the effect of over-justification it’s a bit scary because engineers say that when we only have a hammer in hand we only see problems as nails so when we only have the reward in hand we only see problems as problems we can reward and innovation in human history doesn’t fit in this category it doesn’t mean we have to stop rewarding and or grading even it it’s a real subject but in any case the real subject you have to know
01:27:55,920 –>01:28:00,449
that correction and grading aren’t the same thing it’s something we need to understand correction and grading aren’t the same thing there’re as many differences between correction and grading than between screws and nails it looks alike and you can hammer a screw but you usually need a screwdriver for a screw correction is here to improve a behaviour if you play piano and play a wrong note you correct yourself it’s useful to classify that is to tell if you’ve got the level or not if you’re in the norm or not and if there’s a contest the grade is useful to tell there’re that many places and that many people everyone can’t have it that’s the use of the grade but correction is simply to adjust a behaviour and to learn well you need to be often corrected and when you discourage someone from correction you destroy his learning when you make someone being afraid of being corrected when someone is terrified of receiving a correction we slow down his learning because to learn fast you need to be often corrected it’s like a modem if you want I’ll talk about it again when we’ll talk about games a modem is 56k that 56 000 signals a second octet even more than signals today it’s optical fibres it’s 10 20 millions of octets a second well learning is the correction in an hour if you want to learn quickly you need to be often corrected in an hour but if you’re disgusted by correction you’ll stop being corrected and the grade isn’t the same thing I didn’t say there was a tool that was superior to the other I just said they’re tools that haven’t the same role and often because we don’t
01:29:28,560 –>01:29:31,830
have time we mix the two of them it’s normal we don’t have time to do one part correction and one part grading but in fact we need to understand it isn’t the same tools that’s it another example used in marketing you need to know that marketing is about associating a product to something people want but can’t have see the vicious aspect or not that’s a cigarette brand that made a hit in Africa you associate the brand to something people want but can’t have a visa this brand made a big hit so if you want to sell a beer you put a gorgeous blonde the brain thinks I bought the gorgeous blond when I bought the beer it’s unconscious and because drinking the beer won’t satisfy his thirst for gorgeous blonds he’ll buy another one you’ve noticed that a lady laughed we often say that to sell a product to a guy you need to target the testosterone so power domination success and to sell something to a woman you need to target oestrogens like commitment for example when cacharel wants to sell a perfume to a lady it calls it promise more than a perfume a promise I don’t invent anything I don’t draw
01:30:56,910 –>01:31:01,440
any conclusion so if we go back to experiences of conditioning where the goal is to free yourself you’ve heard of the Stanford jail experience or not and still everyone should have heard of it because it’s an experience extraordinarily interesting very controversial at the time that doesn’t respect rule n1 of nowadays scientific doxa that is don’t be part of your own experience it’s supposed to be rule n1 don’t be part of it and yet still the experimenter did it and took a quarter of students no not only students family men people who had their background checked who had no judicial antecedent or psychiatric so he takes a quarter and says from now all the people to my left you’ll play false prisoners in false jails and all the people to my right you’ll play false guardians in a false jail and to play it well he’s going to ask the palo alto police to arrest them to set the mood to arrest them take a mug shot with a serial number from the side face and everything and then he thought that maybe in two weeks he would begin to see prisoners who are so into the
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game that they would think they’re guilty and maybe he would see guardians who are so into the game that they may start we never know to abuse from their power and maybe in two or three weeks he thought that he may see if he was vigilant enough a beginning of effect he had to stop the experience after 72 hours because it went crazy and he was the first because he wasn’t playing any role he was the the boss of the jail and he went crazy first he started to abuse you give a baton to someone he’ll think maybe I could start using it you come here he did that that is there’s the side I’m powerful I can’t deprive them from anything I can take away their mattress I can cancel food I can turn the light on in their cell those guys have signed for it let’s go in 72 hours there were prisoners who really thought they were guilty and that they deserved their sentence and some guardians became completely sadistic and nothing that’s the experts conclusions nothing in the antecedents researches could have gave away a clue nothing Philip zimbardo called it the lucifer effect in right conditions you can transform a significant part of the population it’s never a 100% never a 100% there’s always someone who will rise in this case there was a student who played a guardian who told him stop stop everything you’re turning crazy and they got married later it wasn’t supposed to be funny so it ends well but what I want to say is it’s when people aren’t aware that it ends bad in fact what really says zimbarlo it’s that the guardians seemed to really deeply enjoy the power they received and no personality test was able to detect it so when I say it can end badly when we don’t know it’s true because this story happened for real it’s called the abou ghraïb torture during the Irak war and Philip zimbardo and this time was for real it wasn’t an experience what I’m showing you Iraqi prisoners were treated this way during more than 6 months and zimbardo testified during the soldiers’ trial who did this he was right because he said you knew that when you give too much power to some people they’re going to abuse it just for fun and we knew it and moreover they were working for the US navy in the 70’s for the US navy they had the file they knew it hasn’t been showed enough to come back on a funnier not it’s someone I really like he’s called fritz wicked he is completely crazy totally but he was a genius a very important American physician with swiss origins and it’s someone who discovered who speculated sorry the dark matter the black energy and the neutrons stars problem he speculated it in the 40’s and all of that was discovered between the 60’s and the 80’s so obviously his career was quite annoying but lucky for him he was autistic so he didn’t care at all of what people thought of him and he had a favourite insult and it was spherical bastard spherical bastard it means no matter the angle you’re a bastard in fact spherical bastard in English if there’s one thing I’ve learned in fact I’ve learned it’s that the spherical bastard doesn’t exist it’s a true wisdom the spherical bastard doesn’t exist someone who is the worst bastard with you there’s an angle where he isn’t the problem is in life we only show one angle always when we work even to our children we show them the same one in a family situation we tend to show the same angle of ourselves and we’re almost blocked by rails that were built by habits where we’re going to show an angle that is still quite the same well in fact if we want to solve conflicts we also need to be capable of exploring humans to find the angle where they aren’t perfect that’s the theorem of the spherical asshole doens’t exist marc aurele that’s why I wanted to talk about neuro wisdom in my book because I was surprised to see that it’s a word that didn’t exist whereas we can put neuro everywhere because in human activity there’re always neurons in it even if it’s a manual one it’s an activity there’re neurons in it we talk about neuro justice neuropolitic and we’re right because understanding the brain allows to understand politic justice the way the jury takes a decision but the word neuro wisdom didn’t exist whereas Isaac asimof said a civilization that produces a lot of knowledge and few wisdom is doomed to extinction and he is right in the 20th century we saw the perfect example of civilisations very advanced technology and 0 wisdom the worst inhuman civilisations of the 20th century were also the most advanced in technology Diritto’s Japan the Nazis Germany so
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we can be advanced in technology and be inhuman and that’s the small thing we needed to remember and that Isaac Azim reminded and that’s why I wanted to invent this word neuro wisdom that roughly means know your brain because if not someone else will know it for you and it’s not in your interest so that’s marc aurele who said there’re two types of powers in life in fact the power on yourself and the power on the others and he said that the power on yourself was superior to the power on the others that’s well thought from a roman emperor at the peak of rome and he is right that is if you have power on others and you don’t have power on yourself who has power on you that’s scary someone who has power on others but who doesn’t have power on himself it’s very worrying according to Plato the human soul is a chariot with two horses a white and a black to simplify the sufi said the black one it’s the me who command and the white one it’s the true me well the me who command is the one who says give me what I want and the true me is the one who says give me what I need and they’re not the same in general very few people want what they need very very few if you deprive a child from marshmallow he will come to the natural conclusion that you want to harm him in fact his mom is mean she took his pack of candy yeah maybe but if you had eaten the whole pack you would have been so sick and it would have harmed you more well it’s the same for human in fact the adult human and even the states and that’s what is scary states don’t know where their interests are in geopolitical it wasn’t in France’s interest in 1919 to write the Versailles diktat to humiliate Germany to occupy the ruhr to force Germany to admit that they were the only responsible of the first world war which is wrong it wasn’t in France’s interest to do it and still they did it because their ego wanted it and our ego is the me that command the one that says give me what I want it was the first part and from far the longest the others are much more simple and practical the abstract requires efforts but practical doesn’t concretely it’s a bit like the hello kitty moment of the presentation I’ve got Chinese students sometimes they’re like oh it’s so cute but because you don’t have a heart I can see that in fact the best remark I’ve had in firms clubs
01:39:23,810 –>01:39:30,920
in france about this picture was the chain is pretty Rorschach test for CEOs so why did I put those tiger babies first to remind you that playing is the most efficient way to learn period and in neuro ethology it’s known since the 70’s playing is the most efficient way to learn period why because in fact the cleverer an animal is the more it plays be careful it’s a correlation not necessarily a causal connection but the causal connection was proven in fact the cleverer an animal is the more it plays dolphins play tigers play octopuses play parrots play crows play of course the cats play dogs too the cleverer an animal is the more it plays prey or predator play all mammals play in fact to learn but not only so octopuses and crows too and in fact the more nature has to select a complex behaviour a difficult behaviour like for example a chimpanzee that collects ants in a anthill with a baton covered in honey it’s very technical well every time nature has a technical behaviour to teach it does it through playing from breaking a nut with rocks to using a baton to collect ants playing will be used by nature
01:40:40,850 –>01:40:43,730
to teach the behaviour the more complex the more technical the more nature will use playing why because playing is correcting you twice a second adding the fact that playing has a low entrance gate it’s very easy to start a game it’s harder to stop it low entrance gate high exit gate it’s a passion of course it’s more efficient you know nature is a bit more selective than the entrance exam to Polytechnical for nature if you fail you’re dead you won’t come back next year you’re dead so nature is not nice in an environment that is very mean and competitive the jungle law the most efficient learning behaviour that she selected is playing because it works if those tiger babies doesn’t play they’ll die they won’t know how to hunt defend their territory or reproduce they will die and the specie will die too so playing is serious for them it’s not just for fun it teaches them to reproduce to hunt and to defend their territory and also those tiger babies illustrates the importance of cuteness so in French it’s a neologism but in English that word exists it’s cuteness cuteness means mignonitude in French cuteness in neuro science exists and it’s very precise
01:41:49,220 –>01:41:55,460
it means don’t be afraid cuteness is a message that says don’t be afraid take care of me look at me cuteness is one way nature has developed to catch others’ time and attention in fact you think we domesticated cats but actually they’re the ones that domesticated us we know that the more an animal is domesticated the more it stays cute as an adult wild cats don’t purr as adults but domesticated cats do the more an animal is domesticated and all things equals the longer it says cute why because for a domesticated animal its survival depends on humans’ time and attention so to attract a maximum of humans’ attention I mean the more it attracts humans’ time and attention the more chances it has to survive so the cuter it is the more chances it has to survive especially if it’s an animal that doesn’t watch over herds anymore humans’ time and attention guaranty two things food and protection from predators if there’s an human around there’re less risks to get eaten by a predator to come back on playing I’ll talk about cuteness right after it’s a kind of surgery that gets done with controllers and a screen it didn’t take long before there was a
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surgeon who asked maybe surgeons who play action video games will be more efficient they’ve made tests and surgeons who play action video games are 35% more efficient on laparoscopic surgery so much that the study concluded that if you needed this surgery ask your surgeon if he plays video games and now let’s watch the cuteness question so the second message of those babies tiger the first one being playing is the most efficient way to learn if not civil aviation wouldn’t learn on simulators and the other message is the importance of cuteness that’s what show this publication you can see here you’ve got pictures with on your left a high cuteness compared to a low one on the right and to be perfectly rigorous they’ve put young and adults to show that it’s not only because it’s a child that it’s cuter but even between children pictures and adults pictures they put high and low cuteness and obviously the conclusion of this study is according to the criteria you can see here that is cuteness is mainly a large forehead big eyes ect
01:44:10,260 –>01:44:15,880
well cute pictures are more watched that’s it cute pictures are more watched when you use an eye tracker glasses that follow the look you can observe that what’s cute capture more TA why we have to be clear if babies weren’t cute the human specie would have disappeared the first message of a baby is still lie-ins are over if he isn’t cute after that it’s going to be complicated to negotiate so why because us humans are bipeds on one hand and on another one us humans have big enough brains not the biggest of the animal reign but we’ve got a big enough brain if you see a gorilla’s skull in fact the gorilla has a bony crest at the top of its head with two recesses on the side that hides muscles in fact the gorilla has muscles at the top of his head see a gorilla it’s soft on the top it has a muscle there because the gorilla has a gigantic muscle to bit gorillas are one of the best bitters of the creation with polar bears believe me well those muscles take room on the potential size the brain could have had it’s two muscles that digs a hole in the skull and the gorilla obviously needs to bite because it’s essentially a quadruped not all the time but most of it so quadruped well they have rather short hips on the waist and muscles to bite but humans are biped so their brain has room to develop because their hands are free they can cut their meat cook it and so the brain develops itself very well but because he is a biped well his hips can’t be too large either because bipeds can’t have hips too large so a big brain and limited hips there’s only one option actually it’s to give birth to a brain that isn’t finished yet and that’s what’s happening for humans we give birth to a brain that isn’t finished and that makes most of its developing post partum by the way most of it until 21 so it means that children are weak because their brains aren’t finished children aren’t capable of surviving alone for a long time so we have to take care of them to take care of them they need to be cute because cuteness is the coupling between the brain and the cute thing so the baby said take care of me I’m cute cuteness is very serious actually and why am I talking about it sorry that was the subject roughly regarding technologies to which robots would
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you give your children and innovators understood it well that is in technology we know that if we want a technology to be adopted it needs to be cute because when a technology is cute we’re less afraid it means don’t be afraid of cuteness and typically the kings in that area are apple that’s why they’re that rich actually it’s because there’s a very subtle psychological dimension in the way they design their products resulting that people are ready to pay more and there’s an emotional bond created with the object for example that design in the 80’s what does it tell you don’t be afraid it has round edges white plastic it’s a toy it also says hello and the floppy drive looks like a smile a technology isn’t adopted when it works it’s adopted when it ceases to scare because when a technology works it’s not ridiculous anymore given that it works but what is it dangerous how many technologies I’ll show you that later weren’t adopted whereas they worked because they were scary for example the cuteness that’s the case of the Chinese Brzezinski the advisor Jimmy Carter’s Dark Vador Brzezinski said it’s easier nowadays to kill one million people than to govern one million people well if I wanted to make bad jokes I would say that Chinese tried both but today they try to to govern one billion three hundreds million people and it’s hard to govern one billion three hundreds millions well I didn’t say they were doing it well that’s another subject but in any case they acquired quite an experience on how to govern one billion three hundreds millions people and so when they give you a fine that equals a one week salary they’re cute that is here you’ve got a policeman very cute type manga with big eyes big forehead that tells you you just lost 4 points that’s on me it works we know that statistically it reduces aggressiveness because when we’re confronted to something cute we’re less aggressive that’s neuro ergonomy that’s why I’m talking about it it’s typically a case when if you don’t know your brain someone will for you and it’s not in your own interest actually al Capone said we obtain much more with a nice word and a gun than with a nice word alone it’s true last time at the grocery shop no sorry
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it’s also true the other way round that’s also what’s interesting we obtain much more with a gun and a nice word than with a gun alone that’s what demonstrates all those posters for example when you go to New Zealand five months ago I had a conference in new Caledonia New Zealand and New Zealand let’s say you just did a 14 hours plane ride and you have to wait three hours because they have very precise sanitary tests it’s normal they have a very specific biodiversity an invasive specie mustn’t arrive on their soil so the slightest thing that has a small organic debut it’s a fee of I don’t remember how much but it’s huge it’s around 900 thousands dollars right away so dirt under your shoe an apple core whatever you want it can go till 1000 dollard of fee right away you haven’t even entered the country yet that you’re already paying so to communicate that kind of message there’re two solutions either you put huge signs 1000 dollars in your face if you don’t cooperate or you put this lovely small animation character named officer good boy that’s a dog name that will
01:50:35,210 –>01:50:40,160
tell you on a screen how he is going to nicely control if you don’t have too much dirt under your shoes and not too many apple cores in your bag and it works because cuteness works actually the Tawainese when they wanted to collect rubbish in Taipei they made sure the garbage truck plays Beethoven a garbage truck that plays Beethoven because you have to take out the trash right when they pass by because of the tropical climate it would smell really bad especially in small streets it would reduce restoration it’s not really nice to enter a restaurant with a bad smell of rotten fish at the entrance you have to let and I’m not even talking about typhoons if the trash stayed outside for too long and they’re taken away so the trash needs to go right away into the garbage truck so to encourage people to go down 20 floors they made sure the truck was playing Beethoven and cuteness also works for bigger technologies like the urban ones for example that’s the tramway in Casablanca it was also adopted because it was cute and it was the cutter of the call for tenders of course it was also working
01:51:37,719 –>01:51:40,570
it was functional and powerful it has its specifications but it was also cute so to be adopted it’s better same for tesla when they did their home automation battery with round angles battery if poorly maintained could make your house explode so it better be round and cute otherwise when a technology isn’t cute here’s what happens that’s Antikythera machine an analogic computer from when Julius Caesar was 14 I’m not telling you something borderline it’s pure archaeology we discovered this mechanism in the 60’s 70’s I think in sub marine archaeology in Greece and it’s a machine as complicated as the Nazis’ enigma machine during world war II let’s say to be precise it’s somewhere between Pascal’s pascaline and the Nazis’ enigma machine in terms of complex algorithm it’s the equivalent of a Mac book air during Jesus Christ it’s the same gap and that machine well it ended up like that you have a connexion diagram of one cogs of a cogs series sorry it’s a bit complex let’s admit it and it predicted eclipses but it was non discernable from magic and because it was non discernable from it well it disappeared people got scared of it Eole’s ball or aeolosphere it’s just a steam machine in Alexandria in ancient Egypt so this steam machine during the 3rd century in Egypt not even I think it’s 2nd century I couldn’t tell you Héron from Alexandria had created this there was a temple Heole’s temple and the idea was to make a lot of cash like many times in ancient religions I said ancient so the goal was to create something when you made a donation a priest was coming lit a fire and miraculously one minute after the doors were opening like magic and in fact how does it work well it was a steam machine that is here you can see the basic process there’s a cauldron closed of course with water inside it and there’re pipes that go to the ball and around the ball you’ve got pipes that turn when you lit a fire and it actuated a transmission belt with pulleys it was a steam machine in ancient times and as much as I know the industrial revolution didn’t happen at that time because this was indiscernible from magic same principle he even called it Heole’s balls like he called it that way as if Heole himself had given it to him because they were friends don’t even try to do it because thunders might hit you and that was the stake that is an inventor at that time couldn’t show how his creations worked so he couldn’t make them cute and when you don’t make an invention cute it disappeared an other example is Bagdad’s battery something crazy an electric battery created by the Sassanid before the 7th century in the actual Persia I mean Iraq now Persia at the time among the Sassanid 7th century an electric battery we don’t know its use at all a priori not to charge an I phone but we know it worked either to do electroplating I don’t remember exactly how we say it but something to plate metal or we think it was for an initiatory ceremony in a temple like abracadabra you owe me 100 bucks and it worked during the 8th century that’s what crazy it wasn’t adopted because it was indiscernible from magic otherwise people who want technology to be quickly and well adopted how do they do they make it cute apple sells more watches than the entire Switzerland today the whole Switzerland sells less watches than apple why because it’s the cutest on the market it’s round angles a small recast even mickey’s on it it’s cool guys who sell you a connected watch that checks your heart rate knows your appointment of the day what you’ve done are in the middle of a scandal with NSA we know since Snowden’s revelations that NSA spy on literally everybody it’s a bit dumb because there’s just a small piece of paper that we’ve signed after the war they sell us a watch that’s intimate linked to us in the middle of a scandal with the NSA I’d like to say it’s brilliant in fact today you can hack a pacemaker Barnaby jack a great American actor managed to hack a pacemaker and an insulin pump and the guy describes he had to give a conference in San Francisco on that subject he died of an overdose in an hotel in San Francisco and Barnaby Jack I’ll make no comment on that death it was the day before he had to explain how he was doing it and so Barnaby Jack was explaining right before to the journalists who were following him that in fact there’s a 24 hours episode where they do this but it’s fictional and in this 24 hours episode they say shoot we need the pacemaker’s serial number or we’re stuck and actually Barnaby Jack said to the journal that
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in real life it’s even more simple you don’t need the serial number I’ve worked for an American company named silent that did antivirus and the boss I mean and the chief hacking officer the hackers’ boss in this company just hacked the voting machine right during Trump’s elections just showed it was possible yes of course it’s possible what do you think no system is invulnerable he was saying you can hack a container ship’s ballasts so you can ballast a container ship at sea when it’s charged and it’s game over so in the middle of that scandal your technology if you want it to be adopted better say don’t be afraid last part the simplest in my book I’ve made a lot of friends when I talked about a word named neuro fascism and I define neuro fascism as a society where your brain is only useful to productivity it’s over you’re a brain on a stick we don’t care about your dreams your aspirations your brain is only useful to productivity well my job is consultant it doesn’t mean I have an important position in India you want some and the consultant job many people call it
01:57:52,670 –>01:57:56,280
brain juice I hate that expression brain juice that is roughly you put your brain in the press and you get a milkshake it’s dirty it’s disgusting it’s what the neuro fascism is about actually it would be the idea that the human body the brain in particular but the human body is only meant for productivity that’s it that is if you’re not useful to GDP you’re useless that to me would be a neuro fascist society and it seems dystopian but in fact there’re a lot of countries where they slowly go that way in the Chinese educational system they start to have doping that is they’ve got students who take Ritalin which is normally prescribed for attention troubles on which I will only pronounce myself if you mention them during the question part on which I at least have my personal opinion but Ritalin is used as doping during Chinese national exams and the education stakes in China are so big that in fact the school map quintupled the price of the square meter for some flats in Shanghai and Beijing because it’s still zoning so some parents were ready to buy a flat in this or that area as soon as they saw that this school was better so it created real estates bubbles completely crazy with agencies specialized in information retrieval on which school was the best which high school was the best mind blowing things China is a laboratory because all human failings are multiplied by one billion three hundreds millions so you can see them right away today during some Chinese tests
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drug tests are made to check if you’re under Ritalin or not according to me we’re slowly entering the neuro fascism but precisely it’s good to start acting now before we’re deeply into it my personal opinion this sculpture is very beautiful but my personal opinion yes I said this sculpture my personal opinion is that graded life is to real life what wooden horse is to real horse I’m aware it’s a highly controversial opinion that is according to me graded life is as relevant to real life than the wooden horse is relevant to the real horse this one is stylish it looks good it’s proportionated it teaches you things a wooden horse can teaches you many things on a real horse there’s no debate on that you can learn to stand on it then to stay longer on it you learn things about the real horse with a wooden one but you can also outdo yourself on a real horse without ever seeing a wooden worse of your life you know we grade everything today it’s not only at school we grade states’ debts triple a and we know it’s completely fake in triple a’s case I mean if there’s a thing where we’ve seen it was fake all along it’s the grade of the sovereigns’ debts and the obligations
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but today we’re so conditioned to react to labels that I’m convinced at some point you’ll be able to write great wines of Bordeaux on a Coca Cola bottle and people will buy it as such because we were conditioned to react to what’s written not to what it really is the true nature of what’s in the bottle actually you know at some point it was how we learnt swimming but it existed I started by telling you Napoleon soldiers’ shoes there was no right or left and slowly it was a long and slow revolution to start putting a slight difference between right and left but swimming at some point was learnt that way we know it’s not the right method now but we transmitted this notion in English for example the my tailor is rich it’s exactly it and today informatics for a while when I was a student we were learning on a bench on a white board we were writing the code and then copying what was on the white board in our textbooks that’s not how we learn informatics actually the best computer scientists in the 70’s 80’s Elon Musk in particular so Tesla’s CEO it’s people who learnt it at a time
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when video games were delivered on paper that is there was a time quite short when a video game was delivered on a 30 to 80 pages book with the code you had to retype in the machine and at that time there was no erase key that means if there was a spelling mistake you had to erase everything till the mistake and I can assure you it created you some ayatollahs on grammar coding aged 11 so let’s interrogate ourselves on just this ergonomic of learning I told you learning is immaterial so to consider it well you need to make an effort and it may be good to do allegories or metaphors or parables because yes the wooden horse well the one I showed you is cool but it can also become that one that is a wooden horse in your brain for hackers a wooden horse is something that allows them to access your machine it’s the same for brain hacking if you’re conditioned the word choice can lost its sense if you start choosing what you’ve been conditioned to choose I didn’t say this it’s one of my great mentors Idriss Cha I’m called Idriss as a reference to him actually and he clearly said the word choice can lost its sense if people choose what they’ve been conditioned to choose so imagine
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you’re in a five stars hotel facing an unlimited buffet I’m talking the buffet of your life there’s everything salad bar vegan option roasted meet sushi foot massage everything and then imagine you’re hungry so you’re in paradise let’s not say you’re in paradise but there’re people who would call it paradise and now imagine that the butler comes and says you have to eat everything anything you leave will be counted on the final check in other words in this case you’ll pay what you haven’t eaten not what you’ve eaten you’ll be sanctioned on that you’ll be sanctioned on what you haven’t eaten and if you let too much not only you’ll pay a gigantic check but moreover you’ll be kicked off the hotel we’ll do a guard of honour to humiliate you actually we’ll be all around you singing you’re cheap you didn’t finish the buffet and then the butler shows you on his watch that by the way you have one hour because someone else did it before you in one hour so we know it’s possible and now you’re in hell the buffet hasn’t changed it’s the same one but rules have changed there’s rule number 1 and then rule number 2 one is paradise and the other one is hell we were able to go from paradise
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to hell just by changing the rules but by keeping the same content obviously if I told you I don’t know if this situation happened to your kids once in their life that someone is holding them hostage and force them to eat an entire buffet on pain of sanctions if this had happened even to you you’ll be under medical surveillance for 10 years and yet if I told you that it already happened to you not for a day but for 3000 days in your life what would this situation I just described be many times in teaching you’re sanctioned not on what you’ve eaten but on what you haven’t eaten no one had a 20/20 GPA and there was also a completely crazy time of negative grades negative grades means you should have done nothing imagine you’re the manager of an agricultural fair and your job in life is to make people eat as much local products as possible so you manage an exhibition centre full of diverse local products and your goal in life is to make people eat as much as you can to fulfil your goal according to you what’s better make them form a line with a 12 gauge gun pointed on them like if you don’t eat the salami I’ll kill you or make very organized stands to make people eat a lot according to you what will work the best you know we call the bowels we call them the second brain because it’s the body part that has the most neurons after the first brain that is the brain and the spinal cord and the natural way for the second brain to to ingest content is pleasure no one will ever say I don’t want to eat again the lunch break isn’t a chore it’s even a break it’s not the lunch chore it’s the lunch break but it’s the same for our first brain it naturally likes to learn our first brain it likes knowledge from the beginning look at children they ask you why the sky is blue why plants are green or maybe the contrary because our brain has a natural desire to learn but we can break this desire for example take a baby you won’t be able to make him eat dark chocolate or coffee because babies have a natural dislike for bitter taste because bitter taste points out neurotoxic that’s why alcohol is also bitter bitter taste points out a neurotoxic it points out something that will act on your neurons so cocoa coffee and alcohol are bitter but growing up you can learn to like it dark chocolate coffe or champagne if you force a kid to take dark chocolate whereas he really doesn’t want it and you’re like I didn’t ask for your opinion you have to eat that dark chocolate well you will disgust him from chocolate you’ll show him a chocolate box and he will get sick welcome in contemporary learning of math we can do better than this it doesn’t mean we can’t teach maths to kids the good news is on the contrary we can but we need to go slowly we can’t over complicate things actually in Finland Switzerland Iceland Denmark they’re really careful to materialize maths as much as they can to make the learning more neuro ergonomic at the beginning then later obviously they enter the abstract because the aim is still to go towards the abstract I’m really convinced we eat knowledge it’s edible it has a taste it has a taste and our brain like to eat knowledge and it likes to make a good meal of knowledge you know that the French gourmet meal is a UNESCO world heritage maybe one day we’ll have the knowledge gourmet meal ridiculous for the moment almost dangerous because there’s the bullying effect bullying is when you have suffered for nothing bullying is a useless pain don’t confuse it with initiation that is in the past a hunter’s initiation in the Iroquois tribe was to check if he was going to panic in front of a buffalo because you needed to test him before facing it that was what the initiation was for so in tribal systems the initiation was going to the front we go towards something difficult so I’m going to test you a bit to be sure but bullying it’s that but without any reason only because I want to and when the human brain has suffered for nothing there’re 2 psychological solutions possible whether it thinks I’ve suffered for nothing but
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I’ll be the last one and I’ll shut the door behind me this one is for the great people like Frederick Douglas Martin Luther King Mandela Gandhi those are the great souls we didn’t call him Mahatma for nothing the other brain’s behaviour is to think well I’ve suffered for nothing but I’ll transfer my pain to the next generation to give it a sense I’ll make it a tradition I’ll manage to give it a sense because it’s a tradition I know it hurts what I’m telling you it’s the aim ask yourself the question of how many things well in Grandes Ecoles’ bullying it’s a fact that’s why it’s forbidden now but how many situations maintain an useless situation for nothing we just haven’t put it on the table like I told you to keep believing that you need to choose between producing and flourishing we can see that as soon as we utter the sentence it’s fake but the worst is we don’t pronounce this sentence we don’t realize that in many situations we need to choose between both of them but on bullying’s case it’s truly this it’s really the idea of transmitting an unnecessary pain to give a sense to this pain we’ve
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been through it’s probably the thing that is the biggest obstacle to the idea of a knowledge gourmet meal because the advantage is there’s information obesity we can’t totally say that when we consume too much knowledge there’s no consequences in fact there is we talk today of information obesity but we could enhance the consumption of knowledge if we’d laid the table properly the worst is it could be nice in the first place for the teacher because he would do a job even more gratifying in the sense where he would be the knowledge master he would decide of the menu and new meals they could probably be exchanged because to me for the moment teaching looks a bit too much to this actually that is there’s a quantity of knowledge to know that students need to swallow under any circumstances do you remember the books you read for the Baccalaureat no but do you just know how much you’ve read well we can’t say it worked so once again I’m talking about structures I’m not talking about people but the fact is even me I’m 31 I don’t even remember all the books I’ve read for the Baccalaureat I might remember 2 of them there were at least 20 let’s go back on AI now Watson IBM’s artificial intelligence won Questions pour un champion well
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it’s called Jeopardy in the US and Watson won Jeopardy and now no one can beat Watson at Jeopardy it’s crazy it’s not chess it’s not weiqi game it’s jeopardy and Watson passed a Japanese diploma and Watson can pass IQ tests what does it mean does it mean that Watson is super clever or does it mean that our tests are completely dumb for me it’s option 2 because if you release Watson in a potatoes filed it’s lost I don’t think that the potatoes field is the ultimate test but in biology the ultimate intelligence test is the capacity to survive the ultimate intelligence test in biology is the capacity to resist eradication together rats are really clever because Paris will never be rats free we’ve been trying for centuries but it’s impossible because together rats are really clever much more clever than Watson because in biology the intelligence is to resist eradication so it’s good that Watson has a Japanese diploma with honours or that it wins Jeopardy every time it pushes the limits not of our intelligence but our definition of intelligence that’s why I showed Marc Aurele before because the Stoics also use the know yourself idea and that artificial intelligence needs to be seen as an opportunity to know ourselves to say that our intelligence tests same for Derrida at a time when some of his peers considered that his ambiguous language was anti philosophical whereas today all AI experts consider that ambiguity is the Graal same as before we had a vision very restricted of intelligence it is time to update our vision of intelligence and merit for example Elon Musk
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I really like that guy he said he would like to go on March he said I’d like to die on March but not during the impact still there’s something I really don’t like in that guy well I’ll first tell you what I like about that guy so the part go on march and everything Tesla are the best electric cars of the world and he also campaigned for an moratorium on autonomous weapons that’s cool do you realize that it weren’t the people we elected who did that it’s a guy on its own who campaigned for a moratorium a Geneva convention on autonomous weapons that we can’t armed a he knows that a loophole can be found in a convention and he is the first to know but at least that people be aware about that people know there’re guy who campaigned like Stephen Hawking too for the interdiction of autonomous weapons that we don’t throw in street because you know that today war happens in places where quotes rebels bad people like Desproges would say the enemy is dumb he thinks we’re the enemy whereas it’s him this one goes far well today war is happening in places where civilians are and they let armed robots programmed with a vague do the necessary in a inhabited area we quickly understand that
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it can go wild so he did a moratorium on that good and I truly respect him for that but where he is really pessimistic he considers that artificial intelligence will beat us so bad that in fact we should implant silicon directly in our brain so he created a firm named Neuralink that specifically work on that nowadays it is called by the technologists cyberpunk in fact cyberpunk would be an horrible world where everybody would have his implants you would have social classes because quickly from the moment it’s an implant that can be bought I don’t think it’s going to be installed on everyone so there will be the rich kid from Hollywood that will have the implant 3000 and then there will be a guy with a homemade implant and you can also imagine that if it goes far enough you wouldn’t be able to be citizen if you don’t have an implant we’re not here yet but there’s a finish firm that put a subcutaneous implant to its employee to check on them in exchange of free smoothies and they said yes my freedom versus a kiwi banana shake my heart can’t choose so it’s a real subject that’s why I wanted to end my conference on that Elon Musk asks the question which implants should we have to be equal with the machine what my colleague and friend Laurent Alexandre calls the war of intelligences same we don’t agree on everything with Laurent it’s the same apple metaphor the skin and the seeds but on the AI subject everyone’s wrong and everyone’s right you need to cook your own recipes with any thinkers you want and do your own intellectual menu because no one’s right on his own in the artificial intelligence subject the alarmists as well as the super transhumanist optimists everyone’s right everyone’s wrong we need to mix their point of view and try to get closer to the truth but it’s clear to Musk that we’ll loose if we don’t have implants directly in the brain I’m against it why because to me it’s exactly like if we were saying well we can’t eat normally anymore we don’t have time too much work so we’ll all feed ourselves with intravenous it will go faster so there’re many advantages we can sing the praises of the intravenous like we’ll eat faster we’ll be able to work more we’ll be more productive because we’ll be able to eat directly at the office no crumbs left I mean the thing that doesn’t make the intravenous
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argument work is that it’s material so we clearly understand there’s a problem because we can see and feel the catheter that goes inside our veins we think I disagree moreover I like to eat so i can’t do this because gaining knowledge became more and more I won’t say unpleasant but scary for many people we may be tempted to put an implant at least the Chinese who took Ritalin I can guarantee you that if you offered him an implant for the exams he would take it right away so here we can be tempted it’s here that we find the beginning of neuro fascism to me that is our brain is better constructed than our technologies in fact we didn’t invented our brain and we may be atheist or believer that isn’t the problem the brain isn’t a human creation period the brain was created before the homo sapiens sapiens actually because they were the hominid and we arrive with a brain we didn’t create and that we don’t understand we still don’t know what’s the use of sleep today we have ideas we know it strengthens memory we know it makes what we call hippocampal repetition but that’s details we don’t know what the use of sleep in general so we don’t understand the brain but we want to tinker
02:18:41,800 –>02:18:44,849
something we don’t understand and that’s dumb the scientific arguments of Idriss Aberkane imagine you have what we call in anthropology a cargo cult and the cult cargo it’s when the Americans arrived in the pacific they arrived with cargo planes they were island people who stayed in autarky for centuries who saw trucks arriving with chewing gum chocolate pineapple in box and those people in certain tribes started to redo tracks there was a cargo religion they called it the cargo cult when once every 5 years some tribes make tracks to attract the gods who give chocolate and chewing gum well imagine that a plane lands in the middle of the jungle let’s say south America and the plane stays here you’re a people from Amazonia it’s absolutely not obvious I don’t underestimate natives people they discovered the curare that saved hundreds of millions human lives because curare is used in every general anaesthesia just so you know we killed 100 millions of Indians they saved between 100 and 500 millions of white men end of the parenthesis but still imagine that plane stays in the jungle until you’re the
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tribe chief and after a moment you need to move you have a problem and need to move well a plane in a jungle doesn’t move easily you may think the first thing to do is according to my standards according to my problems according to my observations we need to cut the wings it’ll go faster well it would also be dumb because a plane is made for flying and if you have to make it cross the jungle it wasn’t its purpose there’s a Sufi fable like that of a woman that have never seen an eagle in her entire life she has only seen pigeons and one day she sees a very tired eagle that comes back from a long journey and collapses at her window so she’s like my poor poor animal you don’t look like a bird at all because she has only seen pigeons in her life so she takes care of it with best intentions in the world she cuts its beak tears down its claws rounds up its wings and some weeks later she makes it go it doesn’t fly straight but she is like you look more like a bird now our brain under silicon could exactly be like this go now that you look more like my conception of intelligence and if my conception of intelligence becomes out dated well too bad for you because I’ll have already cut your wings I think it will also be dangerous to campaign for a society where everyone has his implant to go faster to be more productive for many good things kiwi shakes or better grades or be more productive but in the mean time trying to tinkle something we don’t control with a technology that will grow old I mean the brain has been here for 2000 years it’s not nothing it has proven itself I’m not sure for silicon it would be the same that to feed ourselves by intravenous my thesis subject at Polytechnique was exactly this it was all about that controversy is it neuro maybe it’s not neuro personally I don’t care but the subject was that how to better eat knowledge with our own means I insist it wasn’t how to better eat knowledge with what we call DNI direct neural interface because it’s also a subject how to better eat knowledge with DNI and it’s a very good subject specifically for sick people who have epilepsy or else but my subject was that how to better eat knowledge thanks to natural paths so obviously in a thesis you have to interest yourself to a very precise case you can’t do knowledge in general so I got interested into a precise case that is on internet that’s a meal of knowledge when you go on internet you open several tabs nowadays no one goes on internet for only one tab it’s over there was a time you know when computers had one or two windows max there was no tab it was just a window you opened a window and you were done and then knowledge only kept growing on internet and today when you want to make a decision you open many tabs to buy new shoes or earphones or to choose your next vacations or to inform yourself on a subject by cross referencing the sources and I don’t know if you’re a real professional a journalist a searcher or a financial whatever you’ll have to open 50 tabs and to make a relevant following of tabs it’s a meal of knowledge you’re going to eat so you make a menu and you’ll eat each tab more or less well by letting more or less bones more or less the core of what you’re going to eat your digestive juice is your attention your saliva if you want so this is a meal of knowledge there’re many
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courses when you make a series of tabs you’re actually doing a job no AI can do it for you just so you know you can’t open the first 15 Google’s results when you’ve done a research and do that make a relevant series Google can’t do that period you can’t just open the first 15 results and have everything you wanted on a given subject it won’t work when you want to inform yourself on a subject well you have to open the article under link then change the key words then re do a research and finally after 15 minutes to 15 hours according to the statistics between 15 minutes and 15 hours depending on the amount of work you have you’ll have a relevant page for your needs with 2 important things exactly like in nutrition by the way in nutrition you have nutrition and taste which aren’t the same thing typically if a big mac didn’t taste that good it wouldn’t be sold that much but it’s not necessarily very nutritive so we can make a score with nutrition multiplied by taste multiplied remember the contagion of the 0 if nutrition equals 0 and taste equals 100 it makes a nutrition taste score equals to 0 in my work I’ve called it the pertiviralité pertinence multiplied by virality so virality is for example if you’re looking
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for a vacation flat and you find a kitten video it’s really viral but non relevant so the pertiviralité score equal 0 so I got interested to how do we create pertiviral windows that is once you’ve created a window for yourself for your own consumption on new cool earphones a new comic for your collection or your vacation spot when you close your window you destroy knowledge and it’s never good to destroy knowledge you could share it with your friends you could send it so that someone won’t do exactly the same work as you did by the way this algorithm is used by waze if you use the GPS waze it was inspired by anthill because there’s no traffic jam in anthill there’s no traffic jam in anthills because ants drop a small perfume drip on the floor when they go outside the anthill and they’re trained to follow the most scented path which is also the most efficient and waze did the same for the GPS and said every time someone brakes we write a minus on the map every time someone speeds up we write a plus on the map so we’ve got the map in real-time with plus and minus so we can calculate faster
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ways and this even Google didn’t know how to do it because Google bought them 1 billion 160 thousand so it was a small service inspired from the ants and that actually completely changed on a scale of people who take their car you can imagine it so I wanted to do the same for internet that is every time you did a relevant window you can share it in one click without having to copy paste the URL you also the know the principle when you want to send a webography to someone you copy paste the URL one by one into an email it’s really annoying so for the moment a meal of knowledge looks like that I wanted to invent the sandwich of knowledge the sandwich what does it mean it means it’s easy to prepare it’s easy to eat it’s easy to share or break it in two that’s it in one action it can be shared it’s easy to transport the sandwich was invented by Lord Sandwich who was a big lazy ass because he wanted to play the pool and don’t have to take a whole meal so he wanted one thing that fits into his pocket he invented the sandwich like that well if we gather all the neuro ergonomy principles we’ve seen the first thing I’ve started this conference with a good way indeed it’s love another good way it’s the room the room when our brain eats knowledge it’s a really good support spatializing knowledge is a good way to memorize it it’s called the method of loci it’s known since the Antiquity people who memorized the Odyssey by heart or the Iliad they spatialized they imagined a known path for example from their home to the beach and on that path there’s a well it’s chapter 1 there’s a forest it’s chapter 2 there’s a rock it’s chapter 3 Cicero memorized pleadings by heart and he was spatializing them in a temple in his head same first pillar first argument second pillar second argument we think it’s from there that in French the expression en premier lieux comes because at the Sorbonne actually students couldn’t take notes because it would have discriminated poor students paper was very expensive they couldn’t use paper to take notes and paper was really for a proper book that would be sold it was way too expensive to be used for something else so students were standing and listening to the teacher and he was saying in the first place we’ll see that it meant in your memory palace in the first place you’ll put this and Giordano Bruno after Middle Age at the beginning of the Renaissance did a treaty on that called de umbris idearum or on the shadow of ideas and it deals on how to build memory palaces so it’s known that it works well and today every athletes everyone that memorizes 30 wi fi codes by heart well those are people who are capable of spatializing knowledge so if we go back to this first I though I’m going to spatialize the series of tabs that is I’ll use an axis that has to be abstract you know the letter a for example was a bullhead in writing’s history the letter a was a bullhead because at the beginning writing was accounting it was how many bulls are in how many are out how many bushels of wheat so they noted wheat and bullheads and that’s it there wasn’t even a pronunciation no sound it was just a note to expend human memory they couldn’t memorize everything and then by exchanging clay tablets the letter turned around and the Phoenicians created the first alphabet known by humanity so after the Sumerians where it wasn’t an alphabet so we ended up with a bullhead as the letter a the oldest letter still in existence today so the letter at the beginning they drew a bull and then they just wrote an abstract ideogram I though I would do the same and called the hyper writing it can be defined as a writing in space so obviously you need an interface that’s not only paper you need something where you can zoom in and zoom out good thing the informatics allows it and my letter a is the river because the river is the best space landmark in a city we orient ourselves according to the river civilisation was born between 2 rivers Mesopotamia precisely means the place between 2 rivers the Indus civilisation Egypt the river is the landmark in human history so I’ve made a lake out of it because I live in Neuchatel and so you see we put all the tabs around it tabs that could be relevant for a given research then right click we send it to a friend actually you’re totally making a research so you can directly search for a series of tabs that is that is as I told you doing this take between 15 minutes and 15 hours no one can do it for you if you take your friends’ barycentre or the community one that is you anonymize the datas but you make the mean without taking someone else’s data but you calculate the mean well here you can directly at once open a tab I typed earphones with noise reduction it’s not what I’ve typed here I’ve typed something else and you directly have a series of relevant contents here what it looks like from the above to me that’s a knowledge sandwich the bread is the river it holds the content together and it’s also more pleasant to eat because it’s here for your spirit to eat equals to spatialize it’s more pleasant to memorize knowledge when it’s spatialized it facilitates your digestion because it’s spatialized people memorize better when the content is spatialized so the bread is the river the proteins are the links you see here the URL the tabs and the salad isn’t shown here but it’s the pink spaces where actually I would put forests to decorate but quickly we could see this forest was offered by BMW and here you have the economic model but because I hate ads that rob the attention not only I hate them it doesn’t work an add that pops out you know for example there’s a website that perfectly understood it it’s on Forbes when they want to display an add they’re clever they first display a quote that is always very interesting I don’t know where they find them and you’re like I want to see this quote but then discretely at the bottom there’s a small add that appears and that’s tomorrow’s trade because you can’t catch someone’s attention without having given him something before in the past we could at least we displayed a gorgeous blonde like we’ve seen earlier but if you want to catch someone’s attention it’s still much better to give him something first it’s human relations 101 the golden rule don’t do to others what you wouldn’t want them to do to you so the knowledge sandwich was this thesis’ reflexion actually why because if we fail to invent that damn sandwich it will go through intravenous I mean sorry through intranervous but the subject will be the same that is whether we find better ways to exchange knowledge through natural paths to properly lay the table have a good meal but also efficient easy to digest easy to preparer easy to share easy to transport or there’re will be people who will say let’s stop everything stop eating knowledge through natural paths let’s directly inject ourselves silicon in the brain that’s the subject or my researches and we need to implement it so people from Parthenay know that I’ve started working on in Parthenay actually I’ve started working on it at Standford in 2007 I had just made a conference on it for fun like let’s imagine a world where and in Pathenay I had the honour of mentoring students with the idea of creating designs on it to find some ideas and it took me and they also know it it took 5 years for that I thought it would take me 6 months it took me 5 years it has been a series of incredible failure one day I’ll write a book about it honestly it’s already planned with my editor because really when I’m talking about airbnb of guys who lived failure after failure of Steve Jobs when he says if you don’t like your project you won’t finish it I can assure you that if it wasn’t my baby I would have dropped it a long time ago at the moment I’ve got a campaign of crowd funding for that by the way on the address written here which was open some days ago and it’s truly the project
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of my life because this stake here making the knowledge move faster through natural paths there’s really a race that is is there I mean there isn’t as far as I know I wrote a thesis about it so I must have written a bibliography as far as I know at the time I was among the only ones who covered it for the internet part but the subject is there are many more people who cover this part here who cover the DNI part it’s really fashion now direct neural interface is fashion you’re seeing it everywhere in scientific literature but the NNI natural neuro interface there’re not so many because there’re people who consider that isn’t neuro it’s a subject but I don’t consider it isn’t the case but in any case it’s more neuro when you inject silicon in the brain than when you interest yourself to the way the human eye look at contents I can understand it I can understand that people see things this way but what I know is that there’s an armament race between this path and the other one so to conclude I told you about Simon Sinek I told you that he wrote on the Wright Brothers why the wright brothers succeeded where others failed it’s him who did this analysis and he clearly says to come back on the main subject that is producing or flourishing we have to choose so he clearly says working hard for something we don’t care about is called stress and working hard for something we love is called passion let me introduce you my little satin catbird the satin catbird is called this way because it has a blue feather on the shoulder which is very manly and sexy for the female so to amplify this bird masculinity well it decorates its nest with blue everywhere notice that this idea of amplifying the masculinity also exists for men you might ask yourself how I’ll be able to follow up with such a joke but it’s really not what you think you naughty people actually it’s the story of the vest and the tux the tux’s vest is a piece of clothing that didn’t evolve much from Professor Calculus to today because the tux’s vest actually amplifies the build into a V shape which is in many cultures an element of masculine attractiveness and because globalization happens it’s almost in every cultures now it increases the V shape build that gives an allure because it has shoulder pads but it’s only plastic it’s like a wonderbra for men actually only women
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laugh at this joke you can know the number of women here only with this joke so it’s the same for this bird it’s going to show off we can agree on the fact that it wants to bring someone home so the sign of the time passing is that it used to put blue flowers but now that they’re gone it puts tooth brush pens caps and and bottles caps and once its nest is done it goes dancing in front of it I’m a good bird imitator this trick is done by professionals don’t try this at home so if the female ever wants it they’ll have eggs together well this bird illustrates the three P of love Precision because when it is in love it can unscrew a bottle cap it’s really hard you know that a 18 months child can’t do it well it depends but around 11 months we’re almost sure a 11 months child can’t unscrew a cap bottle well you can teach him well and it can be tried for fun but it’s really not an age where a child will be able to unscrew a cap bottle I’m not even talking of a secured cap for meds just a simple bottle and this bird can do it and it has less neurons than a 11 months child Precision so it is more precise when it is in love well and Perseverance Perseverance if the female doesn’t want it it will try with another one I’ve learned a lot from this bird and finally Risk Taking risk taking because the nest is on the floor for this bird there’s a nest for seduction and another one to raise children I didn’t say anything Precision Perseverance and Risk Taking when this bird is in love here is what it can do precision perseverance and risk taking and we can see it makes it more competitive I mean I don’t see how it can be a burden to be more precise more perseverant and to take more risks and here it loves even more what it is doing in a way and it often happens in the nature this kind of situation you have for example those well known alien circles in the oceans you might have seen this on social medias it’s actually a small fish a really small one it’s not even this one it’s another one even smaller that when it wants a progeny it does this big space that equals half a dozen football fields that is if it really don’t do this thing the female won’t want to bear his eggs it’s a bit like the fish version of Louboutins so sorry here is how it looks like you might say with a face like that it’s normal it has to make an effort morality ladies go towards the ugly ones so that’s the fish equivalent well no for the equivalent the heart should have been as big as 6 football fields but what can we do we’re lazy that’s how it is the Japanese has a concept named ikigai which means reason to be in Japanese and they define the reason to be as do what you do what you’re good at I’ll do it in the order do what you like do what the world needs do something you can be paid for because there’s no shame in that and do something you’re good at and if you have found the four you have found the ikigai and the Japanese say that you mustn’t born with it absolutely not because if so you’re spoiled it’s like a child who was born in wealth could never enjoy wealth well in this case it’s the same a human or psychological wealth the ideal to enjoy it is to have known poverty so to have known a time in your life when you did only what you liked without being paid for when you only did what the world needed without liking it when you only did what you could be paid for but actually it was useless on a social scale and when
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you only did what you were good at without being paid for it and when you have found the four at once you have found the ikigai and that’s the Graal and the Japanese really say that you have to find it at the end of your life to enjoy it there’re potters in Japan you know there’s the concept of national living treasure so it’s potters or blacksmiths or kimono makers and sometimes they have learned their job once they retired it still happens today we often believe they’re people who grew up in it it’s true for most of them but sometimes it really isn’t the case and often those people are reformers often those people are going to question or challenge some technical traditions in the job so obviously believe me or not straight from Stanford with my theory yay the economy of knowledge maximise the lovers purchasing power believe me or not they didn’t relate that much to that at the Ecole Centrale so I thought we’re in France I’ll do a Cartesian diagram it may talk to them Cartesian diagram homeland of Descartes so we’ll put the x-axis I called it love can do on the x-axis you’ll put do you know how to do the job can do do you know how to do it and on the axis of on another axis
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that is independent even if a brilliant young man told me that according to him it wasn’t necessarily independent and I want to salute him for that but let’s consider that it’s independent well it’s the axis of do I like it love and you put it on the y-axis because in English y is pronounced why and so why so how do I work and why do I work and here you have 4 types of players the one who does I might start even more simply I’m convinced that everything that surrounds us everything the human being makes if we could make it talk you know if we could have a sort of Last Judgement of all the human creations for example plastic bags that are in the ocean right now if we asked to most of human products why are you here little product what are you doing here plastic bag well 95% of the time the product would tell you I’m here because there’s a market you dumbass it’s the case for 95% of human creations and that’s why they don’t inspire people because I’m here because there’s a market isn’t something inspiring but it’s a necessity ok well not even a necessity but it’s another subject but yes 95% of products made by humans would answer this to you if you asked them why are you here little products lame products but really lame products I’m talking Russian motorcycles here I’m travelling to Senegal I meet a marabout so obviously on the hut he displayed a list of miracles he did so love glory beauty return of loved one healing of ingrown toenail and his finishing argument is I even start Russian motorcycles so there’re multiplying bread changing water to wine resurrecting the dead walking on water and for the real ones there’s starting Russian motorcycle so it tells you a lot about Russian motorcycle and when you ask a dude who made the Russian motorcycle let’s say in the 50’s why are you making motorcycle comrade because comrade Stalin asked it to me I wanted to be a vet at first but he told me you make motorcycle now so I’m making motorcycle now it bothered me making it so it will bother you driving it everything is fine we’re laughing now but actually there’s too many classes too many classes in this situation actually too many classes that are in the situation of it bothers me teaching this class so it will bother you following it that’s how it is in France teaching for a research professor is called the charge the problem is a teacher who is suffering isn’t a nice teacher and here is all the paradox when you believe when you’re convinced that if you suffer you’ll do a better job well you can’t imagine one second that when the class is better you can enjoy it if giving those conference was bothering me I would have stopped a long time ago when you like what you’re doing you normally pay more attention to the details and as Leonard said it’s the attention to details that makes the excellence and the excellence isn’t a detail to pay attention to the details you need to like it for example in an hotel a good room is a room where attention was paid everywhere on the floor I don’t know the lamps attention on each square meter it will give you the quality of an hotel room very often the attention to square meter to pay attention to square meter but it also works for a field in the agricultural world a culture has a very high added value for example the vine and let’s say not anywhere in Champagne it’s attention on square meter that has nothing to do with vines in the American Midwest so once you’ve got this diagram the truly amazing products to me are those that say I’m here because mom and dad loved each other take for example birds or cathedrals the cathedrals they can’t say I’m here because there’s a market dumbass there was a market of course but you see the Saint Sophie basilica in Istanbul was built in 5 years so contrary to what we believe they knew how to build huge buildings that are still part today of the UNESCO they knew how to do this in 5 years
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but cathedrals took 120 years because we wanted it and what can you observe on the gothic cathedral a quantity of attention to square meter on the front that is huge each stone is cut each stone is precisely cut there’s a cathedral in Geneva where there’s an artisan his dog died during the construction so he represented his dog next to a door the level of TA to square meter is very high and to spend as much TA on a thing that could have take less well you have to like it there’re not too many other solutions and here you have something that will inspire you for centuries this is what I call products above the fray above the fray it’s you and the rest of the world so if we want to go back on a pragmatic area to a low economic world well yes we can cite apple without any problem because apple from a cultural point of view is messy that is Chris Martin the leader of the group Coldplay so the rock star and Gwyneth Paltrow the Hollywood actress had a daughter how did they named her apple the question is who’s going to call his daughter Samsung it’s not normal apple has the world record of the number of nights spent in front of a shop 27 who is going to spend 27 nights in front of Darty it’s not normal in business school they tell you that it’s not possible because there’s a psychological aspect neuro ergonomic if I want to use the exact terms above the fray then the follower has the same expertise the same as the one above by the way he doesn’t understand because the follower was taught that competition was in a single dimension and that the excellence I really don’t like the word competition because a cathedral wasn’t built by competition or whether in the competition of cooperating there’re people who wrote books on that how to put people into the competition of cooperating for example Cheick Modibo Diarra who was an interplanetary navigator at NASA when he was coming from school in Mali one day he told his mother he had a good grade and she said from now on I don’t want to know what is your grade I want to know how many pupils you have helped that’s your new grade and that’s the competition of cooperating well in any case the follower doesn’t understand because to him the excellence can be only put on one axis so he is in a shaded world like in the cavern myth of Plato he is in a world governed by shadows so he sees the shadow of the other on his own wall and his own wall is do I know how to do the job and he sees that the shadow is at the same level of his he doesn’t understand because the other one lives in a world where there’s an additional dimension that is do I like it then you have the forced incoming it’s the guy who doesn’t know how to do the job and who doesn’t want to do it but has to we’re here in the waste area the fact that we can’t solve waste today is because we’re here it’s because we have to do it because it’s dangerous there’s a plastic continent in the pacific but I don’t know how to do it I don’t want to but I have to that’s why we’re not efficient the best in waste treatment I’m sending you back to the excellent work of Gauter Pauli the best in waste are here those are people who are doing it because they almost think it’s funny to try and retreat waste and then you have the Silicon Valley’s garages who take the job because they like it not because they know how to do it who might say the google boys were PHD students in Stanford maybe but one they never finished their thesis and two next to them there was AOL and those guys had Nobel prices at the executive board it wasn’t the same expertise at all same for apple there was a guy who was finishing his degree he was named Steve Wozniak and was finishing an informatics degree ok but next to him there was IBM and there were also Nobel prices at the executive board we can’t say that the can do was comparable to those big players like IBM or AOL but you take the job because you like it and you’ll learn your expertise thanks to precision perseverance and risk taking because you have a high love and when the love is high precision perseverance and risk taking the bottom arrow is the arrow of Prozac milkshakes every mornings it’s the arrow of mental breakdowns the worst is not only you won’t be the best but in addition you’ll suffer you’ll be the best in the suffering field that’s for sure the top arrow I called it in my work el camino real which means the royal path because it’s the name of the avenue on silicon valley it’s the royal path because you learn what you’re doing with precision perseverance and risk taking and it gives you so much joy to sum it up the human is a fruit there’s two ways of making benefit or GDP or whatever you want with it you can either squeeze it or plant it
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if you squeeze it you’ll have a glass of orange juice if you plant it you’ll have an orange tree choose your side man and to me the best example of love can is this dude here named Wallace Chan is the best jeweller on earth I didn’t say it it’s all the big brands and this guy here refuses to sell to Bernard Arnault and Francois Pinault this guy was prepared to be a Buddhist monk so it’s not a job where you have to play with gemstones every morning until one day he has a sort of connection he can’t stop thinking of jewellery he can’t stop it his parents try to make him forget because he has to be a monk he has to forget it his sister tells him to forget it his brother too his best friend too everyone tells him to forget it for his own good they only want the best for him and he would like to forget it but he can’t he doesn’t have a choice so I’ll ask you to imagine a necklace with the prettiest gemstones ever gathered by a jeweller with two scorpions set with ruby all over their body and a huge opal in the middle and that’s what he did 20 years later that is this Wallace Chan 20 years later creates I invite you to watch his work on internet Wallace chan c h a n he creates a necklace completely crazy there’s only one Christie’s and Sotheby’s so the best auction sellers in the world confirmed that this guy has refused a are you sited 210 millions dollars sell no I’m keeping it so here the guy can’t say I’m here because there’s a market so don’t worry for him he lives well everything is fine but here no this time he said this one is my baby I’m keeping it you know that there was an auction for this last Leonardo da Vinci the last one sold to Salvator Mundi 560 by the prince of Saudi Arabia this one I don’t know much it costs a luxurious apartment in New York because this guy has refused 100 actually so he can’t say I’m here because
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there’s a market it’s not possible like other realisations he has done he created a gorgeous fish I’m also asking you to imagine do you see an ametrine it is a citrist and an amethyst in the same stone you have one purple part it’s the amethyst part and you have a yellow part it’s the citrine part and he used this fade to create a sunset and to represent a cathedral on it it’s crazy it’s a technic called tenons and mortises in fact there isn’t you know usually jewellery books say that when you have found a ruby Coeur de pigeon like that you absolutely have to crimp it why because it mustn’t fall with a price like that it can’t fall from the ring but when you’re Wallace Chang and that to you the ring is alive as the Sufis say it’s beauty’s nature that to desire the manifestation so I won’t put beauty into a cage so I won’t crimp it with claws because it would alter it’s beauty so when Wallace Chance works on a ruby like that his goal in life is to try to put the less claws possible on it so it’s the small stones that hold the big one that is the frame
02:54:53,890 –>02:54:57,129
is in titanium there’s a frame between the two can you see it here it’s titanium why because titanium is light but it’s difficult to work on it titanium is very breakable and in fact what I wanted to show you is that the big stone is maintained by the smaller ones it’s completely crazy it’s like the no bolt no screw technique invented by the Egyptians when they constructed boats he did it for an entire ring so this titanium frame makes those jewels very light I posted on my instagram account because I had the chance to meet him in London and he put on my shoulder a 17 millions dollars pin and from there I couldn’t move at that moment you realize that you don’t have the insurance to cover you in case of an accident it was crazy it was Pegasus whose head was crimped in a diamond champagne coloured with winged horses on a titanium frame so very light and that’s the thing you can’t feel it you could almost forget it I can imagine that your banker could never but well and finally a technique he patented the Wallace cut to cut a portrait into an aquamarine well that guy to conclude everything is the human equivalent of this that is if you inject love into a small bird’s brain it gives you this it’s impressive BBC makes documentaries about how impressive it is and people are watching it it’s impressive it captures TA but when you inject love into the 86 milliards neurons of the human brain that’s not the same right away and that’s my subject to produce or to flourish you don’t have to choose anymore and to conclude I couldn’t resist the idea of trying a quick experience please stand up stand up please it will warm you up I know I talked too much so a quick experience for you first I talked too much it will warm you up I take good care of you it’s nice to stretch a bit well all of you here all of you here standing up like that in a row you know what it is it’s the most disgusting way to receive a standing ovation thank you [applause] [Music] [Music] [applause]

100 Replies to “Comment muscler et libérer votre cerveau ? – Idriss ABERKANE”

  1. Il est encore la se menteur chercheur en neuroscience ? Putain quel menteur ya 3 ans il avait 3 doctorat ojd il en a un nouveau ? C'est un mec sans bac

  2. Salem si l'humain est toujours supérieur à ses créations, pourquoi l'ordinateur gagne toujours l'homme aux échecs ?

  3. Monteur et tout tes soit disant recherches sont des plagiat prépare toi à la chute t'as des yeux d'un escroc et la tête d'un voyou

  4. Quelle connerie!? St Augustin kabyle?!!!!!! c’était un phénicien cananéen punique yawwwwwwww. Il faut pas balancer de fausses informations.

    SCANDALE !!! l'appel téléphonique de Tariq Ramadan à l'une de ses maîtresses

  6. Conférence très intéressante dont on apprend rien de (très) révolutionnaire mais qui mets bien en forme les concepts et idées pour mieux apprendre etc ..

    Par contre les petites blagues qui passent mal … a trop vouloir faire le mec cool, quand ça marche pas, ça en devient gênant.

  7. Salut idriss. 88 touches, le piano, pas 85. Et la grande valse brillante, c'est que dalle à côté du scarbo de ravel ou islamey de balakirev ou giant steps de coltrane ou un danzón cubain au piano etc…
    On est d'accord sur tout mais choisis tes exemples artistiques auprès des artistes et pas des ingénieurs qui aiment et pratiquent l'art en amateurs (ce qui est bien mais pas suffisant pour en parler comme tu parles de la connaissance de l'attention des apprentissages etc …)

  8. Bjr, intéressant mais svp trop de jokes Vannes blagues etc. Suis pas le seul je pense cu la rigolade ds le public,prenez pas mal mais en allemand on dit "weniger ist mehr" . A+ et merci

  9. Moi j'adore les gens qui ont des grosse tete superieur a la moyenne, toujours pas vu de theorie utilisable scientifiquement, et si tu ne sais pas comment prouvé ta superiorité mental , et ton intelligence il y a un ocean a nettoyé de plastiques sans aucune technologie efficace, ( petit detail il pleut du plastique maintenant) du au pneus de voitures, equation simple a resoudre pour un homme surdiplomé comme toi mon pote idriss alors vas-y active ton levier cerebal et ton potentiel immense et hop ca devrait pas etre compliqué pour un genie comme toi (comme tu le dis au service de l'humain et de la nature,alors de l'humanite meme entiere, l'ocean c'est pas rien) alors bonne chance et courage je crois en toi.
    Paix amour et harmonie

  10. Ce qui me désespère et me désole, c'est que ce type d'intervention n'aura jamais le retentissement qu'elle mérite et qu'elle exige. Qui, hormis les adeptes ou les détracteurs de Monsieur Idriss Aberkane, fera la démarche d'aller (les) chercher ? Peut-être quelque ado rebelle et désoeuvré, en quête d'un potentiel signe d'intelligence et d'espoir, au hasard de ses divagations 'webbesques', découvrira-t-il – à l'instar jadis, de nos téméraires aventuriers-explorateurs – cette miraculeuse émanence, jaillie du désert intellectuel, spirituel et culturel dans lequel, jusqu'alors, il évoluait… ?

  11. Pour pouvoir véritablement apprécier , cher idriss , à visionner et assimiler en plusieurs épisodes

  12. frenchement jai pu resister 8min pas plus!!! pas drole c blagues et sa facon de racconter les chose. il peut utiliser un meilleur language.

  13. c'est vraiment le type même du philosophe Arabe , j'ai un copain qui nous ennuis comme ça , mais on l'aime quand même , nous les escargots on l'ai préfère aux limaces avec de très gros nœuds

  14. Allez ftg t'es le mec le plus nul que j'ai écouté. Tu parles vraiment pour rien c'est stupide . Mais sérieux quoi tu craint

  15. Vraiment cool sa aide à comprendre que de pas être un mouton et aussi confondre l'intelligence et l'instruction

  16. le monde et foutu même les musulmans vont dans le rayon hallal comme si a chaque steack haché la prière et faite dessus j'ai écouter se matin cela j'en peut plus !!!!ont te dit d'être chrétien mais les abbay font de la bière lol comme si les machine pouvait se mettre a genoux et donner grâce sans déconner je suis un con je l'admet mais la faut vite arrêter le beugue et la téléréalité.donne une éducation avec ces truc aussi idiots. courage hin….

  17. Super et bien vu. Enfin une voix sensée : le combat de ce siècle est celui de l'intelligence comme l'a annoncé avant Idriss Aberkane, Laurent Alexandre. Jusqu'à présent, on n'avait pas le choix : seul dominait l'évolution robotique-informatique qui est encore le plus grand axe. Idriss propose une autre voie : celle de l'éducation par les voies naturelles. Plutôt que le silicone qui booste les capacités, une nouvelle méthode d'enseignement. Pour donner l'envie d'apprendre, il compare la consommation des connaissances à l'alimentation : il faut dire que tout le monde aime tellement manger, se servir dans les buffets (surtout dans l'ère capitaliste), qu'il fallait bien trouver une image qui suscite l’appétit. Et que de références qui suggèrent un sens caché : l'attraction d'Apple, une entreprise qui a pris pour sigle la pomme, symbole de la connaissance du bien et du mal. L'oiseau qui assimile les 3P pour plaire et se trouver une femme en sachant que l'oiseau est un symbole des anges, des messagers. Ceci dit, gros problème : quel serait le contenu de cet enseignement qui pourrait rivaliser avec celui de l'I.A ? Et là, un blanc inquiétant car faire sa propre cuisine sur le net, à mon avis, pas suffisant.

  18. Dommage que M. Aberkane soit aussi vulgaire dans son langage, plus pédant et certaines blagues "à 2 balles". Le reste est très instructif… Aussi, pas mal de signes francs-maçons des mains?!!

  19. Bricoler un truc qu'on ne maîtrise pas (cerveau): c'est exactement ce que fait l'homme depuis toujours, décuplé au XXe s. par son arrogance: bricoler la nature, les animaux, les graines, les vaccins, les virus etc etc: il détraque tout sur son passage!!!

  20. Ben le vote tel qu'il est, est véritablement ridicule ! Ce n'est pas une histoire de sexe !?! Véritable fausse liberté !

  21. excellent monsieur Aberkane,vous etes un livre ouvert, et j'ai l'impression d'avoir fouillè dans un dictionnaire durant des heures.MERCI

  22. azul aya A'verkan
    tu es un charlatant et un menteur et un imposteur alors arrete avec tes conneries…

  23. C est la première foi que je résiste pour une conférence sur youtube de 3 h Vraiment c est un buffet de connaissance Bravo Idriss Tu honores notre génération ça fai bcp plaisir.

  24. Ce monsieur énonce des contre vérités. Pour les chaussures cela dépendait des cultures des peuples concernés et des segments de la population concernés. La plus ancienne chaussure a été découverte en Armenie et a été datée C14 à moins 6.000 avant JC …. et il y a distinction…. pied droit pied gauche. Ce monsieur ferait bien de s inspirer de la pensée de Claude Levi-Strauss. Son ton bidon et quelque peu gignolesque est particulièrement désagréable. Pour dire plus de vérités il aurait fallu à certains une demi heure.

  25. Ridicule, dangeureux,evident…ou en d'autres termes, : ….orgueuille,jalousie,et…….humilité….la nature humaine🙄

  26. tous les conflits viennent de l'ego 
    la neuro sagesse était pratiqué par les pharaons car ils avaient accès a la connaissance

  27. Liberez votre cerveau …… EN N'ÉCOUTANT PAS CET USURPATEUR! C'EST DU VENT EN BOITE qu'il vous vend.
    Serieusement ce mec est un enculé, et il mérite cette insulte. Il ment sur ses qualifications, il arnaque, et surtout il AFFIRME de grosses conneries a des gens trop naifs pour le voir.
    Par exemple il commence l'une de ses conférences en disant : "Imaginez un monde ou vous n'ayez plus besoin de travailler" puis il défend cette idée…..pfffff n'importe quelle personne ayant un tant soit peu de
    culture socio-politico-économique comprend combien c'est con….
    Autre exemple, dans la conférence ou il parle de créer de l'energie a partir de méduses……..pffffff bis…. je ne vais meme pas développer celle-la, car si VOUS etes assez betes pour gober cela, vous ne comprendrez pas mon développement 🙂

  28. Mdrrr "je me suis fait chier à la construire, tu vas te faire chier à la conduire" j'imagine bien le monde de merde ahah !!!



  29. (2:43:55)

    "Alors là on rigole …Mais en faite il y-a des cours… ; beaucoup trop de cours… Qui sont dans cette situation là … Je m’en-merde à donner le cours … Tu vas t’en-merder à le suivre. C'est comme ça !"

    Ça fait du bien à entendre

  30. C'est presque un one-man-show à l'état brut et pourtant c'est tout à fait sérieux ;p Ce garçon devrait devenir humoriste. J'ai adoré du début à la fin merci beaucoup .

  31. Si vraiment c'est un imposteur alors il est encore plus intelligent que si c'en ai pas un!! Difficile de faire semblant d'être érudit quand on l'est pas. ..

  32. C'est quoi cette histoire de kabyles qui se répète….et Saint Augustin le berbère chaoui qui est originaire de Souk Ahras vous l'avez rendu aussi kabyle…un beau discours enrobé d'un racisme dégoûtant.

  33. Olympe de gouges n’a pas été guillotiné pour avoir écrit les droits de la femme 😉 … il faut vérifier ses sources 😘 , sinon ce garçon est brillant évidemment

  34. Il n’y a pas de moyen prouvé pour améliorer le QI des personnes de manière significative sur le long terme.
    On peut améliorer légèrement la performance sur certains exercices très précis. L’idée de muscler le cerceau est une absurdité qui fait vendre des produits d’exercices mentaux grâce à de la publicité mensongère.

  35. le seul travail que j,ai fait, c,est dans le batiment ,en tant qu,ouvrier, toutefois,je suis persuadé de pouvoir inventer,une facon de voler commme une hirondelle,et non pas avec un gros deltaplane encombrant, j,aimerait faire de la recherche en ce sens,donc si vous ete riche,nhésitez pas a me subventionner,et vous serez un des premiers a tester l,hirond,,aile.

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