muscles of the lower limb anatomy and topography

muscles of the lower limb anatomy and topography


posterioir muscle here musculus gluteus maximus
musculus gluteus midious and musculus gluteus minimus next musculus periformis musculus
obtratorious internus above and below musculi genelli that is twins muscle and last muscle
musculus quadratus femerus musculus periformis pass through greater shiatic foramen do u
remember foramen shiases and divide this opening in to two foramen supraperiformi and infraperiformi
below of periform muscle next go to body anterioir muscle of pelvic girdle are musculus psoas
major and musculus psoas minor all of this musculus iliacus and togher formed one muscle
and this muscle leave pelvic cavity through below of ingunnal liagment and name of this
muscle iliopsoaas and this space where this muscle live abdominl cavity is lacuna musculorum
muscle of the thigh anterioir middle and poterioir group anterioir group first muscle sertorious
it is very long muscle start from spinailiaca anterioir sperioir and attach medial condyle
of the tibia next musculus quadritus femerus today u already know biceps triceps and now
quadritus it consist four muscle musculus rectus femerus musculus vastus lateralis vastus
medialis and here musculus vastus intermedious next medial group musculus pectinious it start
from pubic bone and go to linea pectinea on femer next three muscle are musculus adductor
longus below musculus adductor brevis and muscullus adductor majnus oneagain adductor
longus adductor brevis and adductor magnus and here it is musculus gracilus and
last group posterioir muscle of the thigh biceps muscle it consist long head and short
head that is short andhere it is long head of biceps musculus biceps femorus and last
two muscle that is musculus semi tendinosus semi it is half part of this muscle has tendons
and last musculus semimembronusus half part has membrene
in popleteal fossa present musculus popleteous but impossible to see it only u can read about
this muscle musculus popliteous one muscle of pelvic girdle it absent on diagram but
we can see here musculus tenser fasialus this fasia lateraly has very thick part and this
part has name tractus iliotibialis and muscle which tense this tract has name musculus tenserfasilata
some words about topography on the thigh necessary to know triangles trigonum femorale walls
of this triangles has three wall sperioir wall it isingunal ligament lateral wall musculus
sartorious and midial all musculus adductor longus in this triangle we can see two grooves
first groove is between iliosoas and musculus pectinious that is why name of this groove
sulcus iliopectinios here it is vessels femoral artry and femoral veins pass sulcus iliopectinus
and downward this groove continue to another sulcus femorus anterioir is between musculus
sartorious and muculus adductor longus and this groove sulcus femoralis anterior continue
in to canal and name of canal calanis adductorious walls of this canal lateral wall it is musculus
vastus medialis medial wall it is musculus adductor magnus and anterioir wall of this
canal it is fasia which pass from aadductor magnus to vastus medialis and name of this
wall lamina vastu adductoria it is part of fasia iliata between of this two muscles canalis
aductorious open into popleteal fossa ingunal hernia sometime may be femoral hernia and
this case when femoral hernia take place in human body appear femoral canal in norman
femoral canal absent only when we have femoral herniain this case may be present femoral
canal what present in normal only space below ingunal ligament it is and name of this anulus
femoralis it is normal presnt fissura or hiatus sphenus this two structure anulus femoralis
and hiatus sphenus they are present in normal in every body but when femoral hernia appear
intestine togher with peritonium pass from femoral ring pass between sperficial and deep
layer of fasiailiaca and leave canal through sperficial opening hiatus sphenus and this
case speak about femoral canal anterioir wall of this canal it is soeficial layer fasia
iliaca posterioir wall it is deep layer of fasia iliaca and lateral wall it is femoral
vein

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