Tag: medicine

Examination of the Thyroid – Clinical Examination

Examination of the Thyroid – Clinical Examination

Thyroid Examination Examination examination of the thyroid gland starts with inspection. In doing so it’s important to consider the glands anatomy and its surrounding structures. The thyroid cartilage is a helpful landmark, since the thyroid can be palpated bilaterally below it. In healthy individuals, the thyroid only weighs around 18 to 25 grams and should …

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Examination of the Jugular Venous Pressure – Clinical Examination

Examination of the Jugular Venous Pressure – Clinical Examination

Examination of the Jugular Venous Pressure The central venous pressure, or CVP, is the pressure within the thoracic vena cava, just before the right atrium. The superior vena cava and the connecting jugular veins act as a column of blood in which the CVP can be approximated by determining the jugular venous pressure. This is …

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Murphy Sign – Clinical Examination

Murphy Sign – Clinical Examination

Murphy’s Sign Ask the patient to exhale, while palpating the gall bladder area, medial to the mid-clavicular line. Now instruct the patient to take a deep breath so the gall bladder is pushed down, and against the examiner’s fingertips, as the lungs expand. If cholecystitis is present, the patient will experience a sharp and sudden …

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Vaginal Examination (PV) – OSCE Guide

Vaginal Examination (PV) – OSCE Guide

Hello, my name is Polly I’m one of the medical students. Can I just confirm your name and date of birth? My name is Grace Smith, and I was born on the 26th of January 1987 I’ve been asked today to perform an internal vaginal examination this involves putting two fingers inside the vagina and …

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Impingement Syndrome – Neer Test

Impingement Syndrome – Neer Test

Impingement Syndrome – Neer Test Impingement Syndrome is one of the most common pathological conditions of the shoulder. It is caused by a narrowed subacromial, or, in rare cases, sub coracoid space, which leads to impingement of tendons or connective tissue. Subacromial impingement can be assessed by the Neer Test, which further narrows the subacromial …

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